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US-Rwanda (1990-1998)


Project: History of US Interventions

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After January 1, 1900

       It has to date claimed over 3 million lives. [TODO; AP article]

After January 1, 1900

       Oxfam calls this war "the world's biggest humanitarian disaster." [rticle]

After January 1, 1900

       Kagame drops out of the school to assume commant of the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA), a movement struggling for the liberation of Rwanda, and launchs an full-scale invasion of Rwanda which is only repelled with help from the French. US military advisers are notably present in Uganda at the time of the invasion. [Article; TODO]

After January 1, 1900

       US forces are seen among Rwandan forces? (at hutu refugee camps) [TODO]

After January 1, 1900


After January 1, 1900



       Paul Kagame, a Rwandan refugee living in Uganda,attends a course in tactics given by the US Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. [TODO; TODO; Article]


       US Special Forces train the Rwandan army in counterinsurgency, combat and psychological operations. This training includes instructions about fighting in Zaire. [rticle]

April 1994

       The Hutu (Rwanda?) government unleashes a genocide that kills 800,000 Tutsis and 50,000 Hutus in 89 days. [rticle]


       Following this, Kagame's Tutsi rebel force, the Rwanda Patriotic Army (RPA), invades Rwanda from Uganda and takes power. A million Hutus flee to eastern Zaire (Kagame considered the Hutu refugee camps a "dangerous threat to his regime" because Hutu militia who had carried out the genocide were among the refugees). [rticle]

July-August 1996

       Rwandan soldiers train at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. [rticle]

August 1996

       Kagame, who had previously trained at the US Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, visits Washington to discuss his concerns about Hutu refugee camps in eastern Zaire with US officials. [rticle]

October 1996

       The Rwandan army, lead by Kagame, along with Ugandan troops, invades Zaire. By May 1997 they have taken over the country and forced Mobutu to flee. They install Laurent Kabila, an exiled Congolese Marxist opponent of Mobutu's, as a figurehead leader. [rticle]

July 1998

       Kabila expels Rwandan and Ugandan forces from the Congo. He cites as his reasons a failed assassination attempt against him, and the Rwandan army's killings of Hutu refugees. [Article]

August 2, 1998

       Rwanda and Uganda invade the Congo and occupy its eastern half (where they remain today), setting up surrogate "rebel" armies called the Congolese Rally for Democracy (RCD-Goma, created by Rwanda) and the Movement for the Liberation of the Congo (MLC, created by Uganda). Angola, Zimbabwe and Namibia send their armies to support Kabila, and Burundi joins the Rwandans and Ugandans. Thus begins "Africa's First World War" involving seven armies. [rticle]

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