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Period

Before Katrina (140)
Pre-Impact Katrina (195)
During Katrina (76)
Immediate Katrina Aftermath (19)
After Katrina (3)

Organization

Federal (140)
Federal: FEMA (64)
Louisiana: State (73)
Louisiana: NOLA (46)
Louisiana: SELA (42)
Mississippi: State (4)
Mississippi: Biloxi (0)
Mississippi: Gulfport (0)
Mississippi: Other Local (0)
Alabama: State (0)
Florida: State (0)
States: Other States (0)
Private Sector (19)
Academia/Professional (0)
Media (27)
NGOs (17)
General Public (9)

Knowledge

Flood Risk (28)
Evacuation Problem (22)
Public Safety Risk (3)
Environmental Risk (5)
Organization Capacity (10)
Levee Breach/Flooding (58)
Sheltering (1)
Response Level (1)
Advisories (81)
Increased Chance of Hurricane (1)

Disaster Management Legislation Relevant to Katrina

Legislation (3)

Emergency Preparedness/Response Plans

Evacuation (13)
Shelter (4)
Response (7)
Recovery (1)

Policies that Affected Intensity of Katrina Impact

Environmental Policies/Programs (16)
Land Development (3)
Flood Control Programs (23)
Disaster Mitigation (12)
Disaster Preparedness (11)
Resource Allocation
FEMA Restructuring (16)
Outsourcing (5)
Political Patronage (9)

Progress and Impact Hurricane Katrina

Florida (3)
Louisiana: State (2)
Louisiana: NOLA (20)
Louisiana: SELA (18)
Mississippi: Local (0)
Mississippi: State (0)
Mississippi: Biloxi (0)
Mississippi: Gulfport (0)
Mississippi: Other Local (0)
Alabama: State (0)

Execution of Emergency Plans

Evacuation (22)
Sheltering (2)
Emergency Response (122)
Other States' Assistance (0)

Response in Wake of Katrina Disaster

Response to Evacuation Execution (0)
Response to Emergency Response (1)
Investigations (0)

Recovery from Katrina

Infrastructure (bridges; roads) (0)
Governmental Services (water, electricity, etc) (0)
Industry (oil industry, etc.) (0)
citizenship (0)

Statements

Policies (5)
Warnings (15)
Plans (0)
Mitigation (4)
Katrina (6)
Execution of Emergency Plans (25)
Response (0)
Recovery (0)

Specific Cases and Issues

Coastal Wetlands (27)

Other

Other (3)
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Hurricane Katrina

 
  

Project: Hurricane Katrina

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2001-2005: Levee Work in Southeast Louisiana Chronically Underfunded

       Between 2001 and 2005, the US Army Corps of Engineers requests $496 million to strengthen the 300-mile levee system protecting the low-elevation greater New Orleans area from the waters of the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain. The Bush administration responds to these requests by proposing a $166 million budget. Congress approves a $250 million budget. [Reuters, 9/1/2005; Los Angeles Times, 9/4/2005]
People and organizations involved: Bush administration, US Army Corps of Engineers
          

2001: Congress Rejects Proposal to Increase Hurricane-Related Research

       Congress rejects a proposal to increase federal funding for hurricane-related research from $5 million to $150 million a year. (Congress provides over $100 million for earthquake-related research during this period.) [Baton Rouge Advocate, 1/23/2003]
People and organizations involved: US Congress
          

2001-Early 2004: Funding for Southeast Louisiana Urban Flood Control Project Suffers Severe Budget Cuts; Work Grinds to a Halt

       As a result of heavy cuts to the US Army Corps of Engineer's Southeast Louisiana Urban Flood Control Project (SELA), work slows down to a trickle. In early 2004, the Corps stops awarding contracts, putting several projects on hold. . [Los Angeles Times, 9/4/2005; New Orleans CityBusiness, 2/7/2005]
People and organizations involved: Southeast Louisiana Urban Flood Control Project
          

February 2001: FEMA Institutes New Program to Replace Discontinued Project Impact

       After Congress approves the Bush administration's proposal to terminate Project Impact (see October 14, 1997-2001), FEMA institutes a new program under which pre-disaster mitigation (PDMs) grants are awarded on a competitive basis. Critics, such as the National Emergency Management Association (NEMA), say that under the competitive based program, lower income communities will not be able to effectively compete with higher income areas. [Independent Weekly, 9/22/2004]
People and organizations involved: Federal Emergency Management Agency, Project Impact, Bush administration
          

February 27, 2001: White House Proposes Drastic Cuts for Federal Disaster Mitigation Programs

       The Bush administration's proposed fiscal year 2002 budget includes a dramatic cut in federal funding for hazard mitigation grants, reducing the federal-state cost-sharing formula from 75/25 to 50/50. Mitigation grants allow localities to prepare for anticipated disasters by building levees and floodwalls, moving homes out of flood plains, and/or strengthening structures at risk from floods, earthquakes or other natural disasters. The Bush administration asserts that by making states pay more, they will spend the funds more wisely. “Shouldering a larger share of the costs will help to ensure that states select truly cost effective projects, an incentive that is missing if most of the funding is provided by FEMA,” the budget proposal reads. The proposed budget also eliminates FEMA's Project Impact, the popular $25 million model mitigation program implemented during the Clinton administration in 1997 (see October 14, 1997-2001). Bush officials say the project, which has been launched in 250 cities and towns, “has not proven effective.” Additionally, the Bush administration proposes to eliminate $12 million from the National Flood Insurance Program budget by $12 million by denying coverage for thousands of “repetitive loss” properties in flood plains. [Washington Post, 5/8/2001; White House, 2/27/2001, pp 81] A repetitive loss property is one that has suffered flood damage two or more times over a 10-year period and for which repair costs exceed more than 25 percent of its market value. [FEMA, 10/22/2004] White House spokesman Scott Stanzel explains that proposed cuts to these and other federal emergency management programs are part of “an ongoing effort to shift control and responsibility to the states and give them more flexibility.” [Washington Post, 5/8/2001] Jack Harrald, director of the Institute for Crisis, Disaster and Risk Management at George Washington University, says in an interview with the Washington Post that Bush administration officials “clearly are disassociating themselves from programs closely identified with the previous administration. Whether a broader philosophical process is going on is not entirely clear yet, but I suspect it is.” [Washington Post, 5/8/2001] Congress will reject the administration's proposal to reduce the 75/50 cost-sharing formula, but agree to end Project Impact. [Independent Weekly, 9/22/2004]
People and organizations involved: Scott Stanzel, Jack Harrald, Project Impact, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Bush administration
          

March 21, 2001: American Society of Civil Engineers Criticizes Bush's FY2002 Budget Request for FEMA and EPA.

       The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) submits written testimony to Congress, recommending that it reject certain budget cuts proposed by the Bush administration for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and FEMA. The administration's proposed $3.3 billion budget for drinking-water and wastewater infrastructure is “totally inadequate,” according to the ASCE. Over the next 20 years, America's water and wastewater systems need to increase funding by an annual $23 billion, just to meet the existing national environmental and public health priorities in the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act and to replace aging and failing infrastructure, the ASCE reports, noting that in it's recently released 2001 Report Card for America's Infrastructure, “the drinking water and wastewater categories each received a grade of D.” The ASCE also tells Congress to reject the Bush administration's proposal to eliminate Project Impact, a $25 million model mitigation program created by the Clinton administration in 1997 (see February 27, 2001; October 14, 1997-2001). “Project Impact is a nationwide public-private partnership designed to help communities become more disaster resistant. These types of natural hazard mitigation efforts are precisely what Congress should be funding, in an effort to avoid paying the much higher price after a tornado, earthquake or hurricane hits a local community. ASCE recommends that Congress fully fund Project Impact at the fiscal year 2001 appropriated level of $25 million.” [American Society of Civil Engineers, 3/21/2001]
People and organizations involved: American Society of Civil Engineers, Bush administration, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Project Impact, Environmental Protection Agency
          

February 4, 2002: White House Proposes 10 Percent Cut for Army Corps Budget

       The Bush administration proposes to reduce the US Army Corps of Engineers' fiscal year 2003 budget by 10 percent, from $4.6 to $4.175 billion. (The Corps requested more than $6 billion.) [Clarion Ledger, 3/7/2002]
People and organizations involved: Bush administration, US Army Corps of Engineers
          

February 27, 2002: Army Corp Official Criticizes Bush Administration's Budget Cuts

       Secretary of the Army Mike Parker, a former Mississippi senator, testifies before the Senate Budget Committee and criticizes the Bush administration's proposal to reduce the Army Corps of Engineer's fiscal year 2003 budget by 10 percent. According to Parker, the proposed cuts would affect several of the Corps projects including two flood control projects in southeast Louisiana. These two projects, the Yazoo Pumps and the Big Sunflower River Dredging, would be reduced from a combined $9 million in fiscal year 2002 to $565,000 for fiscal year 2003. Parker asserts that the proposed cuts would also force the Corps to cancel $190 million in already-contracted projects and will result in 4,500 lost jobs. His comments to the committee indicate a dissatisfaction with the Bush administration's priorities. “After being in the administration and dealing with them, I still don't have warm and fuzzy feelings for them. I'm hoping that OMB (White House Office of Management and Budget) understands we're at the beginning of the process. If the corps is limited in what it does for the American people, there will be a negative impact.” [Washington Post, 3/7/2002, pp A01; Clarion Ledger, 3/7/2002; Reuters, 9/1/2005]
People and organizations involved: Big Sunflower River Dredging, Mike Parker, US Army Corps of Engineers, Yazoo Pumps
          

April 2002-2005: Hurricane Study Hindered by Lack of Federal Funds

       Efforts by a group of scientists at the LSU Hurricane Center to develop a computer model that can predict the public health impacts of a major hurricane hitting New Orleans are hindered by the group's relatively small $3.7 million budget. “The earthquake community gets over $100 million a year for research from the federal government through the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program that was started in the 1970s, while the federal investment for hurricane and wind damage is only less than $5 million—even though hurricanes cause more dollar damage and kill far more people year in and year out than earthquakes do,” says Marc Levitan, director of the LSU Hurricane Center. Notwithstanding its limited funding, by early 2002, the “computer model ... has 60 layers of information for such a disastrous scenario, and the Hurricane Center is still accumulating information.” [Baton Rouge Advocate, 4/21/2002; Baton Rouge Advocate, 1/23/2003]
People and organizations involved: LSU Hurricane Center, Marc Levitan
          

Early 2003: Bush Administration's Budget for Army Corps Projects in New Orleans Includes Major Cut for Hurricane Levee Project

       The Bush administration's proposed fiscal year 2004 budget includes $297 million for civil works projects in the US Army Corps of Engineers' New Orleans district. (Congress will later allocate an additional $40 million.) [New Orleans CityBusiness, 2/16/2004] Only $3 million of this amount is slated for New Orleans' East Bank Hurricane Levee project. According to Al Naomi, the US Army Corps of Engineers' project manager, $11 million is needed. (Congress ultimately approves $5.5 million.) [Times-Picayune, 6/8/2004] As a result of the project's reduced budget, work on the levee system wil halt for the first time in 37 years in June 2004 (see (June 2004)).
People and organizations involved: Bush administration, US Army Corps of Engineers, Al Naomi
          

2003: FEMA Denies Funding for Louisiana Community Pre-Disaster Mitigation

       FEMA grants $89.5 million in pre-disaster mitigation (PDM) grants to communities in more than 40 different states, possessions, and other territories. [FEMA, 7/18/2005] PDM grant requests from Louisiana—which has parishes that have more repetitive loss structures than any parish [or county] in the country [FEMA, 3/5/2002] —are denied. [Independent Weekly, 9/22/2004; Gambit Weekly, 9/28/2004] A repetitive loss structure is one that has suffered flood damage two or more times over a 10-year period and for which repair costs will exceed 25 percent of its market value. [Fema Website, 10/22/2004]
People and organizations involved: Federal Emergency Management Agency
          

After March 1, 2003: FEMA Reportedly Experiences Massive ‘Brain Drain’ and Focus Shift

       After FEMA is incorporated into the Department of Homeland Security (see March 1, 2003), veteran FEMA employees complain of a massive “brain drain.” FEMA “has gone downhill within the department, drained of resources and leadership,” I.M. “Mac” Destler, a professor at the University of Maryland School of Public Policy, will tell the Washington Post shortly after the 2005 Hurricane Katrina disaster. At least one veteran FEMA staff member, Pleasant Mann, complains on the record about the changes FEMA is undergoing (see Mid-September 2004). [Washington Post, 9/9/2005] Local officials complain that FEMA's new focus on terrorism threatens other necessary prevention programs. “With the creation of Homeland Security, [natural disaster prevention programs] have taken a backseat,” says Walter Maestri, emergency management director in Jefferson Parish. “To us, it is pretty obvious which is the greater threat. One is maybe, the other is when.” [Philadelphia Inquirer, 10/8/2004]
People and organizations involved: Department of Homeland Security, Michael D. Brown, Federal Emergency Management Agency
          

Summer 2003: Budget Cuts Force FEMA to Cancel Disaster Training Exercises

       FEMA's headquarters staff is forced to cancel disaster training exercises because of budget cuts, according to 16-year FEMA staff member Pleasant Mann. [Independent Weekly, 9/22/2004]
People and organizations involved: Federal Emergency Management Agency
          

February 2004: Study: FEMA Staff Morale is Poor

       A survey of 84 FEMA personnel conducted by the American Federation of Government Employees finds that 80 percent of surveyed employees believe that since FEMA's merger into the Department of Homeland Security, the agency has become “poorer.” Sixty percent say that given the opportunity, they would transfer to another agency if the salary were the same. [Washington Post, 9/9/2005; Independent Weekly, 9/22/2004]
People and organizations involved: Department of Homeland Security, American Federation of Government Employees, Federal Emergency Management Agency
          

February 2, 2004: Bush Administration 2005 Budget Proposal Falls Short of Army Corps' Expectations

       The Bush administration's proposed fiscal year 2005 budget sets aside $325 million for civil works projects in the US Army Corps of Engineers' New Orleans district—slightly less than the $337 million approved by Congress the year before. According to Marcia Demma, chief of the Corps' programs management branch, the Corps will need $425 million for 2005. “We have a backlog of contracts, and it's just been for the past few years that ... we haven't been funded at our full capability,” Marcia Demma, chief of the Corps' programs management branch, tells New Orleans CItyBusiness. Of the $325 million proposed in the Bush budget, the Southeast Louisiana Urban Flood Control Project (SELA) would receive $30 million, far short of the $42 million the Corps says it needs, and $4 million less than fiscal year 2004's actual budget. According to Stan Green, SELA project manager, the $30 million would probably allow the Corps to continue its current work on 12 projects in Jefferson and Orleans parishes. But if it were fully funded, he says, it could award contracts for an additional 14 projects. [New Orleans CityBusiness, 2/16/2004] (Congress ultimately approves $36.5 million for SELA. [Los Angeles Times, 9/4/2005] ) The administration's proposed budget includes only $3.9 million for the New Orleans' East Bank Hurricane Levee Project, a mere fraction of the $27.1 million requested by the Corps. According to Al Naomi, who manages this project, the budgeted allotment would not even cover the $4.5 million required for unpaid fiscal year 2004 work. (The sum ultimately approved by Congress for the east bank project is $5.7 million.) [Washington Post, 9/8/2005, pp A01; New Orleans CityBusiness, 2/16/2004; Knight Ridder, 9/1/2005; Times-Picayune, 6/8/2004; Knight Ridder, 9/1/2005] Additionally, the president's budget rejects a draft plan, submitted in October 2003 (see October 2003) by the Army Corp of Engineers, to begin a $14 billion dollar project to restore Louisiana's coastal wetlands. Instead, the president directs the Corps to refocus its ongoing restoration study to produce a single, prioritized list of projects that can be completed in 10 years. Additionally, the corps is directed to include in its study several other larger restoration projects that are not part of the Louisiana Coastal Area study, and determine whether the mouth of the Mississippi can be altered to let sediment create new areas of wetlands to its east and west quickly, while still allowing shipping to reach port facilities in New Orleans and elsewhere along the river. Eight million dollars is allocated to the effort, only a fraction of the $50 million that was requested by Louisiana's Governor (see 2002). In the budget's narrative, the White House acknowledges for the first time that Louisiana's disappearing wetlands are partly the result of the US Army Corps of Engineers' channeling of the Mississippi River for shipping and the construction of flood-control levees along the river to protect New Orleans. It also says that canals built by the oil and gas industry, natural subsidence, and rising sea levels are contributing factors to Louisiana's net loss of coastal wetlands. [Associated Press, 2/3/2004; Times-Picayune, 2/3/2004; Louisiana Coastal Area Study, 4/2004]
People and organizations involved: Al Naomi, Bush administration, Louisiana Coastal Area (LCA) Ecosystem Restoration Study, Marcia Demma, Stan Green, US Army Corps of Engineers
          

May 13, 2004: Experts: Diversion of National Guard Troops to Iraq Has Harmed Disaster Response Capabilities

       The Associated Press reports that disaster management experts and National Guard officials are concerned that the diversion of National Guard Troops to Iraq has severely degraded the Guard's ability to effectively respond to domestic emergencies, such as natural disasters. The newswire reports that “[m]ore Guard members are deployed now than have been since the Korean War, about a quarter of the 460,000 nationwide.” Chris Reynolds, a battalion fire chief in Tampa, Fla. and instructor of disaster management at American Military University, says the Guard's more frequent and longer overseas deployments “absolutely” affect states' ability to respond to emergencies. The significance of the massive deployment goes beyond the sheer number troops that are missing, he explains, what's so worrisome is that many of the reservists who have been sent to Iraq work in public safety and emergency response. “It's the tenure and experience that's missing, and you can't simply fill the hole with someone,” Reynolds says. [Associated Press, 5/13/2004]
People and organizations involved: National Guard, Chris Reynolds
          

(June 2004): Budget Cuts Force Halt to Work on New Orleans' Levees for First Time in 37 Years

       For the first time in 37 years, the US Army Corps of Engineers must halt its work on the New Orleans' east bank hurricane levee system, due to lack of funds. Several sections of the levee system have sunk 2 to 4 feet and need to be raised. [Knight Ridder, 9/1/2005; Times-Picayune, 6/8/2004]
People and organizations involved: Walter Maestri, US Army Corps of Engineers
          

(June 8, 2004): Jefferson Parish Official Complains that Flood Control Funds are Being Diverted to Iraq

       Walter Maestri, emergency management chief for Jefferson Parish, which borders New Orleans' west and south side, tells the local Times-Picayune that the war on terror is endangering flood control: “It appears that the money has been moved in the president's budget to handle homeland security and the war in Iraq, and I suppose that's the price we pay. Nobody locally is happy that the levees can't be finished, and we are doing everything we can to make the case that this is a security issue for us.” [Editor & Publisher, 8/31/2005; Knight Ridder, 8/31/2005]
People and organizations involved: Walter Maestri
          

July 2004: FEMA Exercises Focus Only on Terrorism Scenarios

       A FEMA document lists 222 upcoming FEMA and homeland security exercises designed to prepare federal response personnel for national emergencies. Only two involve hurricanes. “And even in both of those cases, they're dealing with what would happen if there were a terrorist attack associated with a hurricane event,” reports NBC News analyst William Arkin. [MSNBC, 9/2/2005]
People and organizations involved: Federal Emergency Management Agency
          

July 1, 2004: Jefferson Parish Property Taxes Increased to Fund Levee Repairs that Washington Fails to Fund

       The East Jefferson Levee Authority provides the US Army Corps of Engineers with another $250,000 after learning that portions of the levee in Metairie have sunk by four feet. The extra work is funded with increased property taxes in Jefferson Parish. [Editor & Publisher, 8/31/2005]
People and organizations involved: East Jefferson Levee Authority, US Army Corps of Engineers
          

(September 2004): Bush Administration Orders New Orleans Army Corps of Engineers Office Not To Start Any New Studies

       The Bush administration orders the New Orleans Army Corps of Engineers district office not to begin any new studies, including one aimed at determining what New Orleans must do to protect itself from a Category 4 or 5 hurricane. The proposed 2005 fiscal-year budget originally included $300,000 for the study, but in the current version, this amount has been cut out. [Times-Picayune, 6/22/2004; Knight Ridder, 9/1/2005; Editor & Publisher, 8/31/2005]
People and organizations involved: US Army Corps of Engineers, Bush administration
          

October 2004: Jefferson Parish Levee Authority Complains that Washington Won't Fund Flood Control Project

       The East Jefferson Levee Authority complains that the federal government refuses to fund a hoped-for $15 million project to better shore up the banks of Lake Pontchartrain. [Editor & Publisher, 8/31/2005]
People and organizations involved: East Jefferson Levee Authority
          

2005: Funding Cut For FEMA New Orleans Hurricane Response Exercise

       Funding is cut for a FEMA disaster exercise meant to prepare government agencies for a major hurricane in New Orleans. The exercise, a follow-up to the Hurricane “Pam” exercise that was conducted the prior year (see July 19-23, 2004), was to develop a plan to fix such unresolved problems as evacuating sick and injured people from the Superdome and housing tens of thousands of displaced residents. [Knight Ridder, 9/1/2005] “Money was not available to do the follow-up,” Michael Brown, director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, will later say in an interview with the Associated Press. [Associated Press, 9/9/2005] After the disastrous Hurricane Katrina, Eric Tolbert, FEMA's former disaster response chief, will tell Knight Ridder Newspapers: “A lot of good was done, but it just wasn't finished. I don't know if it would have saved more lives. It would have made the response faster. You might say it would have saved lives.” [Knight Ridder, 9/1/2005]
People and organizations involved: Michael D. Brown, Eric Tolbert, Federal Emergency Management Agency
          

2005: FEMA Denies Louisiana Communities Funding for Pre-Disaster Mitigation for Third Year in a Row

       FEMA awards 24 states $27.4 million in pre-disaster mitigation (PDM) grants. For the third consecutive year, grants request submitted by the flood-prone communities of Southern Louisiana are denied. [FEMA, 8/8/2005]
People and organizations involved: Federal Emergency Management Agency
          

February 2005: 14 New Orleans Flood Control Projects on Hold for Want of Funds

       US Army Corps of Engineer's Southeast Louisiana Urban Flood Control Project (SELA) has 14 projects planned, worth $114 million, that could be started if funds were available. But because of the drop in federal funding (see 2001-Early 2004) no new contracts have been awarded since early 2004. The 14 projects include widening canals, replacing bridges, and constructing culverts. According to Stan Green, SELA project manager, the projects are “of critical importance in reducing rainfall flooding. ... I'd say in the last two or three years, the work that we've already done under SELA has made a significant difference. We have a lot of benefits yet to be realized from this work we haven't built yet.” [Los Angeles Times, 9/4/2005; New Orleans CityBusiness, 2/7/2005]
People and organizations involved: Southeast Louisiana Urban Flood Control Project, Stan Green
          

February 7, 2005: Bush Budget Includes $20 Million for Louisiana Coastal Restoration and $28 Million for Southeast Louisiana Flood Control

       The Bush administration's proposed fiscal year 2006 budget includes $20 million to help support research, planning, and design work related to efforts to restore Louisiana's coastal wetlands. The budget would also provide $28 million for southeast Louisiana flood control projects. [White House, 2/7/2005]
People and organizations involved: Bush administration
          

February 7, 2005: Bush Administration Proposes 6 Percent Cut to FEMA's Emergency Management Performance Grant Program

       The Bush administration's fiscal year 2006 budget request includes a six percent reduction in funding for Emergency Management Performance Grants. The cut would reduce the $180 million appropriated by Congress in 2005 to $170 million in 2006. “The grants are the lifeblood for local programs and, in some cases, it's the difference between having a program in a county and not,” says Dewayne West, the director of Emergency Services for Johnston County, North Carolina, and president of the International Association of Emergency Managers. “It's awfully difficult. More money is needed.” The White House however insists it is unfair to say Bush's budget for the performance grants are a “cut,” because it was Congress, not the White House, that had increased the program's budget in 2005 to $180 million. [Reuters, 9/17/2005]
People and organizations involved: Dewayne West, George W. Bush
          

June 2005: 2006 Budget for New Orleans Flood Control Projects Suffer Drastic Reductions

       The House of Representatives proposes the steepest reduction in hurricane and flood-control funding for New Orleans in history—$71.2 million, or 21 percent. The Bush administration had earlier proposed a $52.8 million reduction for the New Orleans district's fiscal year 2006 budget. The cut would be the largest single-year spending cut ever incurred by the district. As a result of the expected cut, the local Corps office postpones a study seeking to determine ways to protect the region from a Category 5 hurricane. Additionally, it imposes a hiring freeze and is unable to start any new jobs or award any new contracts. “I've been here over 30 years and I've never seen this level of reduction,” said Al Naomi, project manager for the New Orleans district. “I think part of the problem is it's not so much the reduction, it's the drastic reduction in one fiscal year. It's the immediacy of the reduction that I think is the hardest thing to adapt to.” One of the hardest hit projects is the Southeast Louisiana Urban Flood Control Project (SELA). Its budget is being slashed to $10.4 million, down from $36.5 million. The amount is a sixth of what local officials say they need. Funding for levee repairs and other work on Lake Pontchartrain is scheduled to be cut from $5.7 million (see February 2, 2004) this year to $2.9 million in 2006. “We'll do some design work. We'll design the contracts and get them ready to go if we get the money. But we don't have the money to put the work in the field, and that's the problem,” Naomi says. [New Orleans CityBusiness, 6/6/2005; Chicago Tribune, 9/1/2005; Editor & Publisher, 8/31/2005]
People and organizations involved: Al Naomi, Southeast Louisiana Urban Flood Control Project, Bush administration
          

August 1, 2005: National Guard Needs Equipment Currently in Iraq in Case of Major Hurricane

       ABC News reports that much of the Louisiana National Guard's equipment—including dozens of high-water vehicles, humvees, refuelers, and generators—is in Iraq. “The National Guard needs that equipment back home to support the homeland security mission,” Lt. Colonel Pete Schneider with the LA National Guard tells ABC. [ABC News, 8/1/2005]
          


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