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The first Gulf War


Project: History of US Interventions

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August 1990

       Iraq invades Kuwait after the U.S. Ambassador to Baghdad April Glaspie tells Hussein that Washington has 'no opinion on Arab-Arab conflicts, like your border disagreement with Kuwait'. [Los Angeles Times, 1/5/03]

September 1990

       The Pentagon leaks reports estimating that up to 250,000 Iraqi troops and 1,500 tanks stand on the border to Saudi Arabia in preparation for an invasion of the world's major oil fields. Soviet satellite photos however show no such build-up, Iraq denies it, and the US government has refused to release its alleged evidence for such a build-up. [Christian Science Monitor, 9/6/02; Angeles Times, 1/5/03; Article; Article]


       The US goes to war with Iraq. One of the main selling points of the war was the story of '312 premature babies at Kuwait City's maternity hospital who died after Iraqi soldiers stole their incubators and left the infants on the floor,' and of 'babies pulled from incubators and scattered like firewood across the floor.' (these are the words of Bush, who referred to the incident six times in one month in order to justify the bombing). This story was in fact a fabrication by the PR firm Hill and Knowlton, who were paid between $12-$16 million by Kuwait's emirocracy to promote its interests in the US. In actual fact the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait was virtually bloodless. [Christian Science Monitor, 9/6/02; Article; Article]

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