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US-Chile (1964-2005)

 
  

Project: History of US Interventions

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1964

       The CIA spends three million dollars to influence the elections in order to prevent Salvador Allende from being elected as president. [Church Report, Vol 7, pg 148.; Blum, 2000 Sources: US Department of State, Church Report: Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973]
People and organizations involved: Salvador Allende Gossens
          

1970

       Socialist Salvador Allende is elected as president, despite extensive CIA efforts (mainly through propaganda) to prevent him from winning. He pursues a leftist program, establishing diplomatic relations with Cuba and moving Chile closer to communist countries such as China, North Korea and North Vietnam. He also nationalizes various industries, several of which have significant US business interests. The US responds by continuing support of the opposition and working systematically to weaken Chile's economy. [CNN, n.d.; Federation of American Scientists, n.d. Sources: US Department of State, Church Report: Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973]
People and organizations involved: Salvador Allende Gossens
          

1973-1990

       Pinochet leads Chile in a brutal dictatorship, during which over 3,000 political opponents are killed or disappeared. [CNN, 12/19/2001]
People and organizations involved: Augusto Pinochet
          

September 11, 1973

       CIA covert policies (at an expense of $8 million from 1970-73) lead to a coup d'etat in which Allende is killed and Augusto Pinochet brought to power. [National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 8; The Guardian, 9/12/2001; CNN, n.d.; Church Report, Vol 7, pg 148.; CNN, n.d.; BBC, n.d. Sources: US Department of State, Church Report: Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973, Chile and the United States: Declassified Documents relating to the Military Coup, 1970-1976]
People and organizations involved: Augusto Pinochet, Salvador Allende Gossens
          

1997

       The US ends its 20-year moratorium on sales of advanced military equipment to Latin America (during which time it had remained the largest supplier of military equipment to the region) by offering to sell jet fighters to the Chilean military, which is headed by former dictator Augusto Pinochet. [Foreign Policy in Focus, 12/97/2003]
People and organizations involved: Augusto Pinochet
          

September 2000

       A CIA report is released admitting that the CIA knowingly supported the Pinochet regime's brutalities, and revealing that the head of Pinochet's dreaded secret police (responsible for the assassination of an American in Washington DC) was a paid CIA asset. [CNN, 9/19/2000; National Security Archive, 9/19/2000 Sources: CIA Activities in Chile]
People and organizations involved: Augusto Pinochet
          

November 2000

       A non-violent demonstration is held calling for the closing of the “School of the Americas,” (later to be named the Western Hemispheric Institution for Security Cooperation ) a US army-run school which has trained more than 60,000 Latin American military officers over the past 50 years including many of the officers involved in Pinochet's human rights abuses. Several protestors are thrown in jail, including an 88-year old nun. [School of America's Watch, 7/12/2001; Derechos.org, n.d.; The Guardian, 10/30/2001; Virtual Truth Commission website, n.d.; CNN, 4/3/2000]
People and organizations involved: Augusto Pinochet, Western Hemispheric Institution for Security Cooperation (School of the Americas)
          

May 13, 2004

       Riggs Bank agrees to pay $25 million in civil penalties for failing to report hundreds of millions of dollars in suspicious financial transactions by foreign customers in violation of US anti-money-laundering laws. Most of the transactions concerned the embassies of Saudi Arabia and Equatorial Guinea. [Washington Post, 5/14/2004, pp a01]
People and organizations involved: Riggs Bank, Augusto Pinochet
          

December 31, 2004

       The Wall Street Journal reports that a government investigation into activities at Riggs Bank may be hampered because of its “longstanding relationship with the Central Intelligence Agency.” [Wall Street Journal, 12/31/2004, pp a4]
People and organizations involved: Riggs Bank, Central Intelligence Agency
          

February 25, 2005

       Riggs Bank and two of its executives, Joe L. Allbritton, and his son, Robert, agree to pay a total of $9 million to victims of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet for the bank's alleged role in laundering $1.6 million from Pinochet's bank account in London to the Riggs branch in Washington in 1999. Joe and Robert Allbritton will pay $1 million while the bank will pay the remaining $8 million. The suit was brought against the bank in a Spanish court by Madrid prosecutor Baltasar Garzon. In Spain, anyone can be tried for genocide, torture, or other human rights abuses that are committed against Spanish citizens. In exchange for the payment, the Spanish court has agreed to drop criminal charges against current and former directors and officers of Riggs. [Washington Post, 2/26/2005, pp a01]
People and organizations involved: Augusto Pinochet, Riggs Bank, Joe L. Allbritton, Robert Allbritton
          

March 29, 2005

       US District Judge Ricardo M. Urbina approves a plea agreement requiring Riggs Bank to pay a $16 million criminal fine for its failure to report suspicious transactions by former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet and leaders of Equatorial Guinea that occurred between 1994 and 2003. The judge calls the bank “a greedy corporate henchman of dictators and their corrupt regimes.” [Washington Post, 3/30/2005, pp E02]
People and organizations involved: Augusto Pinochet, Riggs Bank
          


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