The US and International bodies and treaties Treaties + UN treaties us_interventions_project 1942 un_charter false 1 ------ The UN is formed. The UN charter states that a country has the '<i>right of individual or collective self-defence if an armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nations</i>', but otherwise prohibits the use of force in international affairs. [[ http://www.un.org/aboutun/charter/chapter7.htm | UN Charter ]] ====== 1965 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@133e664_2 false 1 ------ This is further emphasized in UN Resolution 2131, the <i>Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention in the Domestic Affairs of States and the Protection of Their Independence and Sovereignty</i>, which argues not only that '<i> armed intervention is synonymous with aggression and, as such, is contrary to the basic principles on which peaceful international cooperation between States should be built</i>' but also further that '<i>direct intervention, subversion and all forms of indirect intervention are contrary to these principles and, consequently, constitute a violation of the Charter of the United Nations</i>'. [[ http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/2131.htm | UN Resolution ]] [[ http://ods-dds-ny.un.org/doc/RESOLUTION/GEN/NR0/218/94/IMG/NR021894.pdf?OpenElement | Article ]] ------ Since the creation of the UN, the US has forcefully intervened in [[ vietnam | Vietnam ]], [[ laos | Laos ]], [[ cambodia | Cambodia ]], [[ nicaragua | Nicaragua ]], Panama, Grenada, [[ el_salvador | El Salvador ]] among others - without UN authorization, without aggression from any of the given countries, and without any of the given countries even posing a credible threat to the US. Additionally it has covertly intervened in the affairs countries too numerous to list, but including [[ guatemala | Guatemala ]], [[ chile | Chile ]], [[ brazil | Brazil ]], [[ guyana | Guyana ]], [[ ghana | Ghana ]], [[ congo | Congo ]], [[ iraqi_history | Iraq ]] and [[ iranian | Iran ]]. Again, none of which posed any credible threat, let alone showed any aggression. All of these actions are thus violations of international law. Much of this site is devoted to the detailing of these actions and the disastrous effects they had on the countries involved. ====== 1966-Today org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@133e664_4 false 1 ------ Since 1966, the US has vetoed far more Security Council resolutions than any other country. [[ http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/data/vetotab.htm | Table ]] ====== 1973-Today org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@133e664_5 false 1 ------ The US has vetoed to date 24 Security Council resolutions regarding Palestine, while providing Israel with approximately $100 billion in aid to help it maintain its 34-year occupation of land in defiance of international law. [[ http://www.miftah.org/Display.cfm?DocId=1579&CategoryId=4 | Article ]] [[ http://www.miftah.org/PrinterF.cfm?DocId=1579 | Article ]] [[ http://www.una-uk.org/veto.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.us-israel.org/jsource/UN/usvetoes.html | Article ]] ====== 1986 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@133e664_6 false 1 ------ The World Court orders America to put a stop to its crime in Nicaragua and to pay massive reparations, estimated at $17 billion. America ignores the World Court's ruling, not paying a cent and continuing their war. [[ http://www.icj-cij.org/icjwww/idecisions/isummaries/inussummary860627.htm | ICJ case summary ]] [[ http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/43/a43r011.htm | Article ]] ====== 1997 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@133e664_7 false 1 ------ US is the only G7 country to refuse to sign the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty, forbidding the use of landmines. [[ http://www.icbl.org/treaty/nonsign.php3 | List of non-signatories ]] ====== 1998 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@133e664_8 false 1 ------ US is the only G7 country to vote against the creation of the International Criminal Court. [[ http://www.hrw.org/campaigns/icc/us.htm | Human Rights Watch article ]] ====== May 1998 cwc false 1 ------ The US Senate approves legislation that restricts international inspections of chemical sites in the United States, effectively killing the Chemical Weapons Convention. [[ http://www.bullatomsci.org/research/collections/armscntrlcwc.html | Article ]] ====== March 2001 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@133e664_10 false 1 ------ US, the worlds largest polluter, unilaterally withdraws from the Kyoto treaty on global warming. [[ http://www.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/europe/italy/03/29/environment.kyoto/ | CNN article ]] ====== July 2001 bwc false 1 ------ US renounces efforts to negotiate a verification process for the Biological Weapons Convention and brings an international conference on the matter to a halt. [[ http://www.nti.org/e_research/e3_2a.html | Article ]] [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1663376.stm | Article ]] [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/bush/story/0,7369,494257,00.html | Article ]] ====== July 2001 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@133e664_11 false 1 ------ US, the worlds largest exporter of arms, prevents the United Nations from curbing the gun trade at an international arms conference. [[ http://www.cnn.com/2001/US/07/09/small.arms.conference/ | CNN article ]] ====== August 2001 germ false 1 ------ US refuses to sign an international treaty banning germ warfare, saying it would put national security and confidential business information at risk. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1493128.stm | BBC article ]] ====== May 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@133e664_14 false 1 ------ The Bush administration effectively withdraws the US signature on the International Criminal Court (ICC) treaty. It also requests states around the world to approve bilateral agreements requiring them not to surrender American nationals to the ICC. The goal of these agreements ("impunity agreements" or so-called "Article 98 agreements") is to exempt U.S. nationals from ICC jurisdiction</i>'. [[ http://www.hrw.org/campaigns/icc/us.htm | Human Rights Watch article ]] ====== June 2003 no_icc false 1 ------ The US is ups the pressure on contries to exempt Americans from war crimes, threatening cutting military aid to countries that fail to sign an agreement exempting American military and other personnel from prosecution in the ICC, and then on July 1 does so for the 35 countries (the complete list available <a href="http://www.globeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20030702.wcour0702/BNStory/International/">here</a>) which refused. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3035296.stm | BBC article ]] [[ http://www.cnn.com/2003/US/07/01/us.icc.aid/index.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.nytimes.com/2003/07/02/international/02COUR.html?ex=1057723200&en=516fb9bd08329f99&ei=5062&partner=GOOGLE | Article ]] [[ http://washingtontimes.com/world/20030701-115712-8350r.htm | Article ]] [[ http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/national/129066_court02.html | Article ]] [[ http://asia.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml?type=politicsNews&storyID=3021721 | Article ]] [[ http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?click_id=6&art_id=vn20030702044421419C243131&set_id=1 | Article ]] [[ http://www.cnn.com/2003/US/06/30/icc.military.aid/index.html | Article ]] ====== Today org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@133e664_16 false 1 ------ US stands with Somalia (which currently has no recognised government) as the only two countries in the world to refuse to ratify the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (<a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/450457.stm">ratification means</a> the convention has to be incorporated into national law). [[ http://www.unicef.org/crc/convention.htm | UNICEF Article ]] [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1678895.stm | Article ]] [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/509373.stm | Article ]] [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/450457.stm | Article ]] ======