The second Gulf War The second Gulf War The propaganda campaign leading up to the attack on Iraq reached such epic proportions that I have split off some aspects of it into separate sections - the [[ uranium_claim | uranium claim ]], the attempts to establish a [[ missing_link | Saddam - Al Qaeda link ]], and the [[ british_dossiers | 'dodgy' British dossiers ]]. Also see [[ misperception this | section ]] regarding the effects - in public misperception - of the campaign. selling us_interventions_project Jan 2000 no_threat false 1 ------ Outgoing Secretary of Defence William Cohen conveys to incoming [[ bush | President Bush ]] that '<i>Iraq no longer poses a military threat to its neighbours.</i>' [[ http://www.viwuk.freeserve.co.uk/library/hans.html | Article ]] [[ http://indy.pabn.org/archives/204bushs.shtml | Article ]] [[ http://www.transnational.org/features/2002/Lilburn_IraqPeaceEconomy.html | Article ]] ====== Sept 11, 2001 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_2 false 1 ------ Immediately following the Sept 11 attacks, Rumsfeld urges aides to start thinking about attacking Iraq, asking for the '<i>best info fast</i>' to '<i>judge whether good enough to hit SH [Saddam] at the same time, not only UBL [bin Laden].</i>' and demanding that the administration's response '<i>go massive ... sweep it all up, things related and not.</i>'<br><br> General Wesley Clark receives a call on 9/11, saying '<i>You got to say this is connected. This is state-sponsored terrorism. This has to be connected to Saddam Hussein.</i>' He responds '<i>But--I'm willing to say it, but what's your evidence?</i>', and never receives any evidence. [[ http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/09/04/september11/main520830.shtml FAIR, | CBS News, 9/4/02 ]] [[ http://www.fair.org/press-releases/clark-iraq.html | 6/20/03 ]] ====== Sept 2002 tubes false 1 ------ The [[ profiles | Bush administration ]] leaks information to the media in September about Iraq's attempt to import aluminum tubes, which administration officials and Tony Blair claim can be used to enrich uranium and are headed for Iraq's nuclear program, even though US Government experts think otherwise. The International Atomic Energy Agency denies outright the possibility of such use. [[ http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/12/06/60minutes/main532107.shtml | CBS News Article ]] [[ http://pilger.carlton.com/print/129139 | Article ]] [[ http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&node=&contentId=A36348-2002Sep18&notFound=true | Article ]] [[ http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/10/international/middleeast/10ALUM.html?ex=1042866000&en=cd51b367fd2e4b32&ei=5062&partner=GOOGLE | Article ]] [[ http://www.sourcedreporting.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=7&mode=thread&order=0&thold=0 | Article ]] ====== Sept 2002 already_disarmed false 1 ------ Former UN weapons inspector Scott Ritter claims Iraq is not a threat, citing the fact that '<i>Iraq, during nearly seven years of continuous inspection activity by the United Nations, had been certified as being disarmed to a 90 [percent] to 95 percent level ...</i>'. [[ http://www.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/meast/09/08/ritter.iraq/ | CNN article ]] [[ http://www.cnn.com/2002/ALLPOLITICS/09/08/iraq.debate/ | Article ]] ------ Ritter also notes that, contrary to the Bush administration's repeated claims that weapons inspectors were <a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1853860.stm">'kicked out'</a>, the inspectors were in fact ordered out by the United States after it was <a href="http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/scomspy1.htm">discovered that some of the inspectors were US spies</a>, and in preparation for a round of US bombing. [[ http://www.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/meast/09/08/ritter.iraq/ | CNN article ]] [[ http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/scomspy1.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.accuracy.org/press_releases/PR111802.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/daily/march99/unscom2.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.scoop.co.nz/mason/stories/WO0210/S00203.htm | Article ]] ------ This claim is also supported by Hans Blix, who concedes that the previous inspection team '<i>lost its legitimacy by being too closely associated with intelligence and with Western states</i>'. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2544691.stm | BBC article ]] ====== Sept 2002 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_8 false 1 ------ The International Atomic Energy Agency says that a report cited by [[ bush | President Bush ]] as evidence that Iraq in 1998 was "six months away" from developing a nuclear weapon does not exist. [[ http://www.washtimes.com/national/20020927-500715.htm | Washington Times article ]] [[ http://www.sourcedreporting.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=7&mode=thread&order=0&thold=0 | Article ]] ====== Sept 2002 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_3 false 1 ------ The White House is forced to issue a retraction of the erroneous conclusions [[ bush | Bush ]] drew from both some satellite photos and a UN report regarding Iraq's supposed nuclear rearmament, after he erroneously claimed that the report claims Iraq is six months away from developing nuclear weapons, and that the satellite photos show evidence of construction on nuclear sites. [[ http://truthout.com/docs_02/09.10B.msnbc.iraq.htm | MSNBC, 9/7/02 ]] [[ http://www.sourcedreporting.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=7&mode=thread&order=0&thold=0 | Article ]] ====== October 2002 tenet_advice false 1 ------ The CIA Director George Tenet claims it is far from clear that we will be safer by attacking Iraq. He writes '<i>Baghdad for now appears to be drawing a line short of conducting terrorist attacks with conventional or chemical and biological warfare against the United States.</i>', saying that only if attacked would Iraq use whatever weapons of mass destruction it has. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/2315967.stm | BBC article ]] [[ http://truthout.org/docs_02/021103A.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.fcnl.org/issues/int/sup/iraq_kennedy203-03.htm | Article ]] ====== Dec 2002 edit_declaration false 1 ------ Iraq releases its weapons declaration. Before releasing it to the public however, the US Government confiscates all 12,000 pages, saying they contained 'sensitive information' which needed 'a little editing'. Sensitive indeed. The original Iraqi documents listed 150 American, British and other foreign companies that supplied Iraq with its nuclear, chemical and missile technology, many of them in illegal transactions. In 2000 Peter Hain, then a Foreign Office Minister, blocked a parliamentary request to publish the full list of lawbreaking British companies. He has never explained why. [[ http://pilger.carlton.com/print/129139 | Article ]] [[ http://baltimorechronicle.com/media_ommisions_jan03.shtml | Article ]] [[ http://www.nytimes.com/2003/03/16/national/16BIO.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&node=&contentId=A52241-2002Dec29&notFound=true | Article ]] [[ http://cns.miis.edu/research/wmdme/flow/iraq/seed.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.thememoryhole.org/corp/iraq-suppliers.htm | Article ]] ====== Jan 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_11 false 1 ------ Bush signs an executive order formally creating the Office of Global Communications, which has been working informally for the previous six months trying to spread the U.S. message in sceptical parts of the world. [[ http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030121-3.html | Govt Release ]] [[ http://news.ft.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=FT.com/StoryFT/FullStory&c=StoryFT&cid=1042491018351&p=1012571727291 | Article ]] [[ http://www.prwatch.org/prwissues/2002Q4/war.html | Article ]] ====== Feb 2003 terrorism_increase false 1 ------ Intelligence and law enforcement officials, and also <a href="http://www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=20030209-020607-8252r">CIA veterans</a>, warn that a war on Iraq will lead to an increase in terrorism directed at the US. [[ http://www.nytimes.com/2003/02/23/national/23TERR.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/common/story_page/0,5744,5932244%5E2703,00.html | Article ]] ====== Feb 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_12 false 1 ------ Public opposition for the war continues to grow. With only Australia, US and Britain going to war, the Australian Prime Minister receives a <a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/2727551.stm">vote of no-confidence</a> (the first ever to be made an Australian leader) for sending troops to Iraq without reference to parliament and with the majority of Australians against such an action, and even the British public doesn't support the war, with over 90% polled as being against going to war without a new UN resolution. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/2751471.stm | BBC article ]] [[ http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/SYD4678 | Article ]] ====== Feb 9, 2003 gassed_own_people false 1 ------ The claim that Saddam gassed his own people, one of the most cited proofs of Saddam's evilness by the Bush Administration (for example, Bush cited it in his <a href="http://asia.cnn.com/2003/ALLPOLITICS/01/28/sotu.transcript/">second State of the Union address</a>) is put into question in a New York Times article.<br><br>The article notes that an investigation by the U.S. Defence Intelligence Agency concluded it was gas released by Iran - not Iraq - that killed the Kurdish civilians. This appears to lead to one of either two conclusions - either Saddam is in fact not responsible, or the US government was trying to cover up the tragedy at the time. [[ http://www.thestar.com/NASApp/cs/ContentServer?pagename=thestar/Layout/Article_Type1&c=Article&cid=1035777592117&call_page=TS_Columnists&call_pageid=970599109774&call_pagepath=Columnists | Article ]] [[ http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/ops/war/docs/3203/ | Article ]] [[ http://truthout.org/docs_02/020303C.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.commondreams.org/views03/0301-06.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.amin.org/eng/uncat/2003/feb/feb062.html | Article ]] [[ http://globalresearch.ca/articles/TRI205A.html | Article ]] ====== Feb 15, 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_16 false 1 ------ [[ powell | Colin Powell's ]] [[ http://www.cnn.com/2003/US/02/05/sprj.irq.powell.transcript/ | long dossier ]] of Iraq's alleged non-compliance comes under withering attack from the chief UN weapons inspectors, saying they found several elements of his evidence either false or unconvincing. [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/Iraq/Story/0,2763,896137,00.html | Guardian article ]] [[ http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/01/18/iraq/main537096.shtml | Article ]] ------ Note that Powell's [[ http://www.cnn.com/2003/US/02/05/sprj.irq.powell.transcript/ | dossier ]] also repeats the long descredited story of [[ tubes | aluminium tubes supposedly headed for Iraq's supposed nuclear program ]], and repeats claims of [[ no_link | links between Saddam and al Qaeda ]]. Powell also refers to, as 'a fine paper', a British report discredited in Britain after it was discovered to be largely plagiarized from a graduate student paper (grabbed off the Internet from an Israeli publication) that relied on 12-year-old data. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/2735031.stm | BBC article ]] [[ http://www.workingforchange.com/article.cfm?itemid=14486 | Article ]] [[ http://www.channel4.com/news/home/z/stories/20030206/dossier.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A42276-2003Feb7?language=printer | Article ]] [[ http://news.independent.co.uk/world/middle_east/story.jsp?story=375403 | Article ]] ====== Mar 2, 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_18 false 1 ------ Observer reveals US spying on the UN delegates from all of the 'swing' countries (Angola, Cameroon, Guinea, Bulgaria, Chile and Pakistan) and possibly others, looking for any information regarding which way the members might vote, or that could help the US put pressure on these countries to vote for a resolution authorising a war against Iraq. The UN launches an <a href="http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2003/03/10/197437"> investigation</a> into the spying. [[ http://www.observer.co.uk/iraq/story/0,12239,905936,00.html | Observer article ]] [[ http://www.observer.co.uk/iraq/story/0,12239,910756,00.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.observer.co.uk/iraq/story/0,12239,910360,00.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.observer.co.uk/iraq/story/0,12239,910381,00.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.bayarea.com/mld/mercurynews/news/5307509.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.theage.com.au/text/articles/2003/03/03/1046540131913.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.theregister.co.uk/content/6/29547.html | Article ]] ====== Mar 25, 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_20 false 1 ------ The Arab League ministers meeting in Cairo pass a resolution declaring the war on Iraq a "violation of the United Nations Charter" and a "threat to world peace", and demanding unconditional withdrawal of US and British forces from Iraq. The resolution is adopted unanimously by the 22-member League except for key US ally Kuwait, making the Bush Administration's <a href="http://abcnews.go.com/sections/world/Primetime/iraq_bushspeech_transcript030317.html"> claims</a> that Iraq poses a threat to its neighbours sound somewhat hollow. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2882851.stm | BBC article ]] [[ http://www.cnn.com/2003/ALLPOLITICS/01/31/sprj.irq.carter/ | Article ]] ====== Mar 25, 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_19 false 1 ------ Rumsfeld, Bush and Blair make the claim that Iraqi footage of British prisoners of war violates the Geneva Convention, and in doing so largely prevent it being showed on US TV. They seem to forget that they themselves have been showing similar images - the <a href= "http://news.ft.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=FT.com/StoryFT/FullStory&c=StoryFT&cid=1048313101760">Red Cross confirms</a> that Iraq is violation of the Geneva Convention in showing the prisoners, but no more than the US is also, and notes that these rules should have also been applied to images of PoWs at the US base of <a href="http://web.amnesty.org/ai.nsf/Index/AMR511642002?Open&of=COUNTRIES%5CUSA"> Guantanamo Bay</a> in Cuba. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2881187.stm | BBC article ]] [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/usa/story/0,12271,920710,00.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.ananova.com/news/story/sm_766423.html?menu= | Article ]] [[ http://www.ananova.com/news/story/sm_764628.html | Article ]] ====== May 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_21 false 1 ------ With the war over and no WMD found, officials within the [[ profiles | Bush Administration ]] admit that Saddam Hussein probably had no weapons of mass destruction. [[ http://www.sundayherald.com/33628 | Sunday Herald article ]] [[ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A40212-2003May10.html | Article ]] ====== June 6, 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_22 false 1 ------ A September 2002 Pentagon intelligence report - which concludes that there was 'no reliable information' that Iraq had biological or chemical weapons - is leaked. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2970064.stm | BBC article ]] [[ http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/abs_news_body.asp?section=Opinion&oid=25504 | Article ]] [[ http://www2.kbcitv.com/x5154.xml?ParentPageID=x5157&ContentID=x42913&Layout=KBCI.xsl&AdGroupID=x5154 | Article ]] ====== June 8, 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_23 false 1 ------ [[ rice | Condoleezza Rice ]] admits that [[ bush | President Bush ]] had used a forged document in his State of the Union speech to prove Iraq represented a nuclear threat (see [[ uranium_claim | this section ]] for the whole sordid account of this affair). The same week, she [[ http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/06/20030613-5.html | speaks out ]] about the threat [[ iranian | Iran's ]] nuclear programme poses. [[ http://www.msnbc.com/news/925382.asp?0si=- | MSNBC article ]] [[ http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/abs_news_body.asp?section=Opinion&oid=25504 | Article ]] [[ http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/news/a/2003/06/09/national1050EDT0538.DTL | Article ]] [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/uslatest/story/0,1282,-2769175,00.html | Article ]] [[ http://abcnews.go.com/wire/Politics/ap20030609_591.html | Article ]] ====== June 11, 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@135d0d0_24 false 1 ------ The US Government blocks calls for a public investigation into pre-war US intelligence and allegations that the White House exaggerated the threat (following the failure of US combat forces to find evidence of any WMDs since conquering Iraq). [[ http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/national/126240_iraq12.html | Seattle Pi article ]] [[ http://www.newsday.com/news/nationworld/world/chi-0306120280jun12,0,2343217.story?coll=ny-worldnews-headlines | Article ]] [[ http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/news/archive/2003/06/11/national1755EDT0730.DTL | Article ]] [[ http://www.nynewsday.com/news/sns-ap-us-iraq,0,5097744.story?coll=nyc-topnews-short-navigation | Article ]] [[ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A46651-2003Jun11.html?nav=hptop_ts | Article ]] [[ http://washingtontimes.com/upi-breaking/20030604-043824-2833r.htm | Article ]] ======