Reasons behind the war with Iraq Grounds for war reasons us_interventions_project 1982 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_1 false 1 ------ US FBI chief William Webster meets with the Emir of Kuwait and plots the seizure of Iraqi oil fields and the slant-drilling with which Kuwait and western oil companies would steal $14 billion worth of Iraqi oil, and which provided one of the main incentives for Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. [[ http://www.rmbowman.com/isss/iraqsp.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Iraq/SlowMotionHolocaust_Iraq.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/CIA%20Hits/Iraq_CIAHits.html | Article ]] ====== 1983 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_2 false 1 ------ It was recently revealed that a purpose of [[ rumsfeld_83 | Rumsfeld's meeting with Saddam in '83 ]] was to negotiate a deal for an oil pipeline to be built by the company Bechtel (now in line for post-war construction contracts) through Iraq. Despite much work and dirty-dealing by US officials, the plan would later by rejected by Saddam in '85. [[ http://www.guerrillanews.com/war_on_terrorism/doc1510.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.ips-dc.org/crudevision/crude_vision.pdf | Article ]] [[ http://www.citizenworks.org/corp/bechtel.php | Article ]] [[ http://www.seen.org/pages/reports/crude.shtml | Article ]] [[ http://english.aljazeera.net/topics/article.asp?cu_no=1&item_no=1611&version=1&template_id=273&parent_id=258 | Article ]] [[ http://www.rediff.com/money/2003/apr/29paran.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/editor/story/0,12900,939505,00.html | Article ]] ====== May 1990 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_3 false 1 ------ The Soviet Union has collapsed, and the American people are clamoring for a peace dividend. A new bad guy is needed fast. In May 1990 (three months before the first Gulf War), a National Security Council white paper states that Iraq and Saddam Hussein are '<i>the optimum contenders to replace the Warsaw pact as the rationale for major military expenditures.</i>' [[ http://www.123student.com/politics/3411.shtml | Essay ]] [[ http://www.rmbowman.com/isss/iraqsp.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.firethistime.org/contempchrono.htm | Article ]] ====== 1997 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_4 false 1 ------ [[ http://www.newamericancentury.org/ | PNAC ]] formed, its [[ http://www.newamericancentury.org/statementofprinciples.htm | members ]] including [[ cheney | Cheney ]], [[ rumsfeld | Rumsfeld ]], Wolfowitz and Bush's brother Jeb among others. The group lobbies the government to go to war with Iraq and remove Saddam, writing in 1998 in [[ http://www.fas.org/news/iraq/1998/05/980526-pnac.htm | this letter ]] that '<i>"We should establish and maintain a strong US military presence in the region, and be prepared to use that force to protect our vital interests in the Gulf - and, if necessary, to help remove Saddam from power</i>' and in [[ http://www.newamericancentury.org/iraqclintonletter.htm | this letter ]] that the government '<i>strategy should aim, above all, at the removal of Saddam Husseins regime from power</i>'. [[ http://www.philly.com/mld/dailynews/2003/01/27/news/local/5025024.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.onlinejournal.com/Special_Reports/022003Leopold/022003leopold.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.brown.edu/Administration/News_Bureau/2002-03/02-053.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.newamericancentury.org/iraqclintonletter.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.newamericancentury.org/iraqletter1998.htm | Article ]] [[ http://www.observer.co.uk/international/story/0,6903,901066,00.html | Article ]] ====== 1998 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_5 false 1 ------ The International Energy Annual reveals the oil reserves/production ratios for a number of countries, revealing that at current rates, the US, Canada ([[ http://www.afa.org/magazine/June2002/0602chart.pdf | the US's main supplier of oil ]]) and Britain's proven oil reserves will be exhausted within 5-7 years. In contrast, [[ selling | Iraq's ]] will last the longest, 142 years, at current production rates, and [[ postwar_afg_kuw | Kuwait's ]] second longest. [[ http://www.ott.doe.gov/facts/archives/fotw125.shtml | Graph ]] ====== 2000 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_6 false 1 ------ The PNAC Report of 2000 talks about using Saddam as an excuse for extending the US role in the gulf - '<i>the United States has for decades sought to play a more permanent role in Gulf regional security. While the unresolved conflict with Iraq provides the immediate justification, the need for a substantial American force presence in the Gulf transcends the issue of the regime of Saddam Hussein.</i>' [[ http://www.newamericancentury.org/RebuildingAmericasDefenses.pdf | PNAC Report ]] [[ http://observer.guardian.co.uk/iraq/story/0,12239,905990,00.html | Article ]] ====== April 2001 strategic_energy_policy_challenges false 1 ------ A report entitled [[ http://www.rice.edu/projects/baker/Pubs/workingpapers/cfrbipp_energy/energytf.htm | 'Strategic Energy Policy Challenges For The 21st Century' ]] is submitted to Vice President [[ cheney | Dick Cheney ]], advocating a policy of using military force against an enemy such as Iraq to secure US access to, and control of, Middle Eastern oil fields. <br><br> '<i>'Iraq remains a destabilising influence to ... the flow of oil to international markets from the Middle East. Saddam Hussein has also demonstrated a willingness to threaten to use the oil weapon and to use his own export programme to manipulate oil markets.</i>'. The document also points out that '<i>the United States remains a prisoner of its energy dilemma</i>', and that one of the 'consequences' of this is a '<i>need for military intervention</i>'. It says the 'central dilemma' for the US administration is that '<i>the American people continue to demand plentiful and cheap energy without sacrifice or inconvenience</i>'. [[ http://www.sundayherald.com/28224 | Sunday Herald article ]] [[ http://www.sundayherald.com/28285 | Article ]] ====== May 2001 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_7 false 1 ------ The US energy department frighten politicians with a study known as the [[ http://www.eei.org/issues/news/releases/010517.htm | Cheney report ]] (after the former head of Halliburton oil services group, now [[ cheney | US vice-president ]], who wrote it). He predicts that imported oil would need to rise from 10.4 million barrels a day at present to 16.7 million barrels a day by 2020. [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/Iraq/Story/0,2763,880443,00.html | Guardian article ]] ====== Aug 2002 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_10 false 1 ------ Cheney launches the new initiative against Iraq, arguing that the danger Iraq would pose if it obtained [[ no_nukes | nuclear weapons ]] would be that it could '<i>manipulate the world's energy supplies because Iraq holds 10 percent of the world's oil reserves</i>'. [[ http://www.cnn.com/2002/ALLPOLITICS/08/26/cheney.iraq/ | CNN article ]] [[ http://www.guerrillanews.com/war_on_terrorism/doc1510.html | Article ]] ====== Oct 2002 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_12 false 1 ------ US Govt report shows Iraq has signed several multi-billion dollar deals with foreign oil companies mainly from China, France, and Russia. Deutsche Bank estimates $38 billion total on new fields ... having reportedly signed a flurry of deals in recent weeks and months with companies from Italy (Eni), Spain (Repsol YPF), Russia (Tatneft), France (TotalFinaElf), China, India, Turkey, and others. Spot who's missing :). [[ http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/iraqfull.html | US Gov report ]] ====== Oct 2002 oil_lobby false 1 ------ Energy companies start to position themselves for a role in the revival of Iraq's oil industry. <a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/Iraq/Story/0,2763,822230,00.html">British companies are concerned</a> they may not get their share of the pie. [[ http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/archives/2002/10/28/0000177429 | Article ]] ====== Jan 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_13 false 1 ------ Guardian reports on international oil companies jostling for rights to post-war oil, and also provides a nice summary of the close ties between the [[ profiles | Bush administration ]] and oil companies [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/Iraq/Story/0,2763,880443,00.html | Guardian article ]] ------ Among these companies is Halliburton, to which [[ cheney | US vice-president Dick Cheney ]] has deep ties. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/2837477.stm | BBC article ]] ====== Mar 25, 2003 halliburton_contracts false 1 ------ [[ cheney | Halliburton ]] is one of two companies to receive the first contracts for rebuilding Iraq. [[ http://money.cnn.com/2003/03/25/news/companies/war_contracts/index.htm | CNN article ]] [[ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A14472-2003Mar23.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.guerrillanews.com/corporate_crime/doc1247.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.corpwatch.org/issues/PID.jsp?articleid=6008 | Article ]] [[ http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/ssistory.mpl/business/1834500 | Article ]] [[ http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_25-3-2003_pg4_16 | Article ]] [[ http://www.nytimes.com/2003/03/25/international/worldspecial/25HALI.html?ex=1049259600&en=3e4aa5df432ba2b5&ei=5062&partner=GOOGLE | Article ]] [[ http://www.opensecrets.org/news/rebuilding_iraq/index.asp | Article ]] [[ http://money.cnn.com/2003/04/11/news/companies/war_halliburton/index.htm | Article ]] ====== May 2003 org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_16 false 1 ------ US and Britain present a resolution to the UN which gives the US and Britain control over how the profits from Iraqi oil sales should be spent, and gives the US and UK an open-ended mandate to stay in Iraq and run the country 'until an internationally recognized, representative government is established by the people of Iraq'. A <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/iraq/2003-05-22-un-iraq-text_x.htm">modified draft</a> is eventually accepted by the UN. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3032693.stm | BBC article ]] [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3034891.stm | Article ]] [[ http://www.dailytelegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2003/05/18/wirq118.xml&sSheet=/news/2003/05/18/ixnewstop.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.cbc.ca/stories/2003/05/21/un_security030521 | Article ]] [[ http://www.nytimes.com/2003/06/08/weekinreview/08OBRI.html?ex=1055649600&en=abe9cb25f85f46b6&ei=5062&partner=GOOGLE | Article ]] [[ http://www.voanews.com/article.cfm?objectID=2F51B839-87E7-47A4-B1F66214B1F6D317 | Article ]] [[ http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&node=&contentId=A20958-2003May21&notFound=true | Article ]] ====== Today org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_17 false 1 ------ [[ cheney | Halliburton ]] is reaping billions of dollars in contracts in Iraq. [[ http://www.ajc.com/news/content/news/0803/28irhalliburton.html?urac=n&urvf=10639950422380.6407404785349302 | AJC article ]] [[ http://www.bayarea.com/mld/mercurynews/news/politics/6896614.htm | Article ]] [[ http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/apbiz_story.asp?category=1310&slug=Halliburton%20Iraq | Article ]] ====== org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_18 false 1 ------ Total petroleum demand in the US is projected to grow at an average annual rate of 1.7% each year through to 2025, with Petroleum imports required to meet this demand expected to almost double in that time from 23.29 to 41.23 (quadrillion Btu). [[ http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/aeo/ | US Govt report ]] [[ http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/aeo/tbl1.html | Article ]] [[ http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/ | Article ]] ====== org.ccr.persist.link.TimelineLink@1b2254c_19 false 1 ------ Another factor that shouldn't be forgotten is the defense industry's influence on the US government. Conservative estimates are that defense contractors have been the source of $72.5 million in contributions to federal candidates and parties from 1989 to present. 32 major appointees of the Bush Administration - including the deputy secretaries of defense and state, and the secretaries of the Navy and Air Force - are former executives, consultants or major shareholders of top military contractors. Further, 95 out of the 100 members of the US Senate received contributions from the defense sector. [[ http://www.guerrillanews.com/corporate_crime/doc1543.html | Article ]] ======