Cuba Cuba cuba us_interventions_project After 1959 cuba_503 false 1 ------ The US carries out 40-plus years of terrorism against Cuba, including [[ killing_castro | hundreds of assassination attempts ]] on Fidel Castro, the introduction of swine fever in '71, the [[ dengue | dengue fever ]] in '81, and the bombing of tourist hotels in '97. [[ http://www.cooperativeresearch.org/archive/1970s/newsday011077.html | Newsday, 1/10/1977 ]] [[ http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Latin_America/LaDemanda.html | CovertAction Quarterly, Fall/Winter 1999 ]] [[ http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Blum/Cuba_KH.html | Blum, 1995 ]] ====== ((- Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz )) 1959 cuba_501 false 1 ------ Fidel Castro leads a force of 9,000 into the Cuban capital of Havana and overthrows the Batista dictatorship which was being supported by the US at a cost of $16 million in military aid per year. [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/1203355.stm | BBC, n.d. ]] [[ http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0195094824/centerforcoop-20 | Perez, 1995 ]] ====== ((+ Fulgencio Batista )) ((+ Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz )) 1960 cuba_502 false 1 ------ The US begins a 40-year plus trade embargo on Cuba. [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,608397,00.html | Guardian, 11/28/01 ]] [[ http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0195094824/centerforcoop-20 | Perez, 1995 ]] ------ The embargo applies to a wide range of goods including both food and medicine. [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,608397,00.html | Guardian, 11/28/01 ]] [[ http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0195094824/centerforcoop-20 | Perez, 1995 ]] ------ Beginning in 1992, the UN General Assembly will annually condemn these sanctions against Cuba. [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,608397,00.html | Guardian, 11/28/01 ]] ====== 1961 cuba_504 false 1 ------ The US fails in an attempt to invade Cuba using 1500 exiled Cubans in what becomes known as the Bay of Pigs. [[ http://www.cia.gov/csi/studies/winter98-99/art08.html | CIA Internal Probe ]] [[ http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0195094824/centerforcoop-20 | Perez, 1995 ]] ====== 1980 cuba_507 false 1 ------ The World Health Organization's (WHO) representative in Cuba states that “there is no question that Cuba has the best health statistics in Latin America.” [[ http://www.zmag.org/chomsky/year/year-c06-s05.html | Chomsky, 1993 ]] ====== 1988 cuba_506 false 1 ------ The World Health Organization (WHO) presents Fidel Castro with its “Health for All” award in recognition of Cuba reaching all the WHO health goals set for developing countries to achieve by 2000. [[ http://www.zmag.org/ZMagSite/Jun2003/franklin0603.html | Z Magazine, 6/2003 ]] ====== ((+ Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz )) 1990 cuba_508 false 1 ------ UNICEF publishes a report on the “State of the World's Children,” which concludes that “Cuba is the only [Latin American] country on a par with developed nations” with regard to infant mortality rates. [[ http://www.zmag.org/chomsky/year/year-c06-s05.html | Chomsky, 1993 ]] ====== 1991 cuba_509 false 1 ------ During this year, Cuba has more doctors working abroad in oppressed countries than does the World Health Organization (WHO). [[ http://www.ratb.org.uk/frfi/158_healthcare.html | Fight Racism! Fight Imperialism! 12/2000 ]] ====== 2001 cuba_505 false 1 ------ The Operation Northwood documents are declassified detailing the US military's past plans to commit terrorist attacks in the US and blame them on Castro's government in order to create public support for a war against Cuba. The documents are dated March 9, 1962 and are written by the Department of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff Representative on the Caribbean Survey Group for the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The papers suggest several possible events that the US could fabricate, including the sinking of boats of Cuban refugees, hijacking planes, blowing up a US ship, and even orchestrating violent terrorism in US cities. One of the document's authors notes, “casualty lists in US newspapers would cause a helpful wave of national indignation.” (( Operation Northwoods )) [[ http://abcnews.go.com/sections/us/DailyNews/jointchiefs_010501.html | ABC News, 5/1/2001 ]] [[ http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0385499086/centerforcoop-20 | Bamford, 2001 ]] ====== 2003 cuba_615 false 1 ------ The 2003 Human Development Index—which ranks countries according to life expectancy, educational attainment and adjusted real income—places Cuba in the 52nd position out of 175 countries. Of its closest neighbors, Haiti ranks 150th, the Dominican Republic 94th, Grenada 93rd and Jamaica 78th. (( 2003 Human Development Index Report )) ======