Chile Chile chile us_interventions_project 1964 chile_1639 false 1 ------ The CIA spends three million dollars to influence the elections in order to prevent Salvador Allende from being elected as president. (( US Department of State, Church Report: Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973 )) [[ http://www.aarclibrary.org/publib/church/reports/vol7/html/ChurchV7_0076b.htm | Church Report, Vol 7, pg 148. ]] [[ http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Blum/Chile_KH.html | Blum, 2000 ]] ====== ((+ Salvador Allende Gossens )) 1970 chile_1640 false 1 ------ Socialist Salvador Allende is elected as president, despite extensive CIA efforts (mainly through propaganda) to prevent him from winning. He pursues a leftist program, establishing diplomatic relations with Cuba and moving Chile closer to communist countries such as China, North Korea and North Vietnam. He also nationalizes various industries, several of which have significant US business interests. The US responds by continuing support of the opposition and working systematically to weaken Chile's economy. (( US Department of State, Church Report: Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973 )) [[ http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/kbank/profiles/allende/ | CNN, n.d. ]] [[ http://www.fas.org/irp/world/chile/allende.htm | Federation of American Scientists, n.d. ]] ====== ((+ Salvador Allende Gossens )) 1973-1990 chile_1642 false 1 ------ Pinochet leads Chile in a brutal dictatorship, during which over 3,000 political opponents are killed or disappeared. [[ http://europe.cnn.com/2000/WORLD/americas/12/19/pinochet.chile.02.reut/ | CNN, 12/19/2001 ]] ====== ((+ Augusto Pinochet )) September 11, 1973 chile_1641 false 1 ------ CIA covert policies (at an expense of $8 million from 1970-73) lead to a coup d'etat in which Allende is killed and Augusto Pinochet brought to power. (( Chile and the United States: Declassified Documents relating to the Military Coup, 1970-1976 )) (( US Department of State, Church Report: Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973 )) [[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/world/americas/1022347.stm | BBC, n.d. ]] [[ http://www.aarclibrary.org/publib/church/reports/vol7/html/ChurchV7_0076b.htm | Church Report, Vol 7, pg 148. ]] [[ http://asia.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/18/documents/cia.chile/ | CNN, n.d. ]] [[ http://asia.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/18/1st.draft/ | CNN, n.d. ]] [[ http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB8/nsaebb8i.htm | National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 8 ]] [[ http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,550375,00.html | The Guardian, 9/12/2001 ]] ====== ((+ Salvador Allende Gossens )) ((+ Augusto Pinochet )) 1997 chile_1643 false 1 ------ The US ends its 20-year moratorium on sales of advanced military equipment to Latin America (during which time it had remained the largest supplier of military equipment to the region) by offering to sell jet fighters to the Chilean military, which is headed by former dictator Augusto Pinochet. [[ http://www.fpif.org/briefs/vol2/v2n53arm.html | Foreign Policy in Focus, 12/97/2003 ]] ====== ((+ Augusto Pinochet )) September 2000 chile_1644 false 1 ------ A CIA report is released admitting that the CIA knowingly supported the Pinochet regime's brutalities, and revealing that the head of Pinochet's dreaded secret police (responsible for the assassination of an American in Washington DC) was a paid CIA asset. (( CIA Activities in Chile )) [[ http://www.cnn.com/2000/WORLD/americas/09/19/us.cia.chile.ap/ | CNN, 9/19/2000 ]] [[ http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/news/20000919/ | National Security Archive, 9/19/2000 ]] ====== ((+ Augusto Pinochet )) November 2000 chile_1645 false 1 ------ A non-violent demonstration is held calling for the closing of the “School of the Americas,” (later to be named the Western Hemispheric Institution for Security Cooperation ) a US Army-run school which has trained more than 60,000 Latin American military officers over the past 50 years including many of the officers involved in Pinochet's human rights abuses. Several protestors are thrown in jail, including an 88-year old nun. [[ http://www.cnn.com/2000/US/04/03/school.protest/ | CNN, 4/3/2000 ]] [[ http://www.soaw.org/new/pressrelease.php?id=8 | School of America's Watch, 7/12/2001 ]] [[ http://www.geocities.com/~virtualtruth/soa_atro.htm | Virtual Truth Commission website, n.d. ]] [[ http://www.derechos.org/soa/chile-not.html | Derechos.org, n.d. ]] [[ http://www.newhumanist.com/soa.html | The Guardian, 10/30/2001 ]] ====== ((- Augusto Pinochet )) ((+ Western Hemispheric Institution for Security Cooperation (School of the Americas) ))