UN Security Council Resolution 1441UN Resolution 1441
UN Resolution 660 passed, calling on Iraq to '<i>withdraw immediately and unconditionally
all its forces to the positions in which they were located on 1 August 1990</i>'.
[[ http://www.caabu.org/press/documents/unscr-resolution-660.html | UN Resolution ]]
UN Resolution 678 passed, which '<i>Authorizes Member States co-operating with the Government
of Kuwait, unless Iraq on or before 15 January 1991 fully implements, as set forth in
paragraph 1 above, the foregoing resolutions, to use all necessary means to uphold and
implement resolution 660 (1990) and all subsequent relevant resolutions and to restore
international peace and security in the area.</i>'.<br><br>
In other words, this authorizes the use of force to remove Iraq from Kuwait.
[[ http://www.caabu.org/press/documents/unscr-resolution-678.html | UN Resolution ]]
John Negroponte, U.S. Ambassador to the UN, urges support for
<a href="http://www.journalnow.com/wsj/specialreports/war/1441.html">Resolution 1441</a>, arguing
'<i>There's no 'automaticity' and this is a two-stage process, and in that regard we have
met the principal concerns that have been expressed for the resolution ... Whatever violation
there is, or is judged to exist, will be dealt with in the [Security] Council, and the Council
will have an opportunity to consider the matter before any other action is taken.</i>'
[[ http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-fg-uniraq8nov08.story | LA Times article ]]
[[ http://hnn.us/articles/1326.html | Article ]]
[[ http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/03.03/0324krieger_shock.htm | Article ]]
[[ http://philpotonpolitics.com/archive/2003/mar0303.html | Article ]]
Resolution 1441 passed. It 'Recalls ... that the Council has repeatedly warned Iraq that
it will face serious consequences as a result of its continued violations of its obligations'
and also recalls 'that its resolution 678 (1990) authorized Member States to use all
necessary means to uphold and implement its resolution 660 (1990) of 2 August 1990 and all
relevant resolutions subsequent to Resolution 660 (1990) and to restore international peace
and security in the area'.<br><br>
In other words, it repeats a previously given warning and recalls some previous resolutions
which authorized force <i>to remove Iraq from Kuwait</i>.
[[ http://www.journalnow.com/wsj/specialreports/war/1441.html | UN Resolution ]]
[[ http://ods-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/PRO/N02/680/99/PDF/N0268099.pdf?OpenElement | Article ]]
Mar 18, 2003
After it becomes obvious that the UN will not pass a resolution authorizing a war in Iraq,
the US and Britain violate international law by launching the war anyway, justifying their
actions with Resolution 1441.
[[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2858965.stm | Article ]]
[[ http://www.khilafah.com/home/category.php?DocumentID=6673&TagID=2 | Article ]]
[[ http://www.number-10.gov.uk/output/Page3319.asp | Article ]]
[[ http://usinfo.state.gov/cgi-bin/washfile/display.pl?p=/products/washfile/latest&f=03033101.nlt&t=/products/washfile/newsitem.shtml | Article ]]
[[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/2856223.stm | Article ]]
[[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2859485.stm | Article ]]
Under the UN charter, military force is legally permitted only if it is sanctioned by the
Security Council or in self-defense.
[[ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2847929.stm | Article ]]