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Profile: Louis-Jodel Chamblain


Positions that Louis-Jodel Chamblain has held:

  • Second in command of the Haitian FRAPH paramilitary group




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Louis-Jodel Chamblain actively participated in the following events:


October 31, 1991-October 15, 1994      Haiti, Haiti Coup

       In Haiti, the Front for the Advancement of Progress of the Haitian People (FRAPH) overthrows the government while Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide is on a visit to the UN in New York. The group rules as a repressive military regime until 1994 when a US-led UN intervention puts Aristide back in power (see September 19, 1994-October 15, 1994) [Observer, 3/2/2004; Rogozinski, 1992] The junta is responsible for the massacre of hundreds—or by some estimates, thousands—of dissidents. [Observer, 3/2/2004; The Jamaica Observer, 3/7/2004; Resource Center of the Americas, 2/24/2004] The leader of the group is Emmanuel “Toto” Constant, who later acknowledges he had support from the CIA. “Emmanuel Constant is widely alleged, and himself claims, to have been in the pay of, and under the orders of, the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) during the coup period,” Amnesty International will later report. The amount paid to Constant by the CIA during this period is $500/month. [Amnesty International, 2/7/1996; Observer, 3/7/2004; Center for Constitutional Rights, 2/18/2004; London Review of Books, 4/15/2004] Second in command is Louis-Jodel Chamblain, who had led death squads during the years of Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier's dictatorship and who is later convicted and implicated in multiple crimes committed during this period. [Observer, 3/7/2004; The Jamaica Observer, 3/7/2004]
People and organizations involved: Louis-Jodel Chamblain, Emmanuel “Toto” Constant, Jean-Bertrand Aristide

September 11, 1993      Haiti Coup

       Antoine Izmery, financier of Haitian President Jean-Claude Bertrand and a known pro-democracy advocate, is dragged from church during a mass, and executed. Louis-Jodel Chamblain is later convicted in absentia and sentenced to life imprisonment for the crime. [Human Rights Watch, 2/27/04; The Jamaica Observer, 3/7/2004 Sources: Amnesty International Letter to US Secretary of State Colin Powell]
People and organizations involved: Louis-Jodel Chamblain, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, Antoine Izmery

October 14, 1993      Haiti Coup

       Haitian Justice Minister Guy Malary and his bodyguard are killed in an ambush. According to a CIA memorandum, dated October 28, 1993, which will later be obtained by the Center for Constitutional Rights, “FRAPH members Jodel Chamblain, Emmanuel Constant, and Gabriel Douzable met with an unidentified military officer on the morning of 14 October to discuss plans to kill Malary.” According to the Center, “Constant at the time was a paid CIA informant, earning $500 a month.” [Center for Constitutional Rights, 2/18/2004; Human Rights Watch, 2/27/04]
People and organizations involved: Emmanuel “Toto” Constant, Louis-Jodel Chamblain

April 18-22, 1994      Haiti Coup

       On April 18 and 22, 1994, members of the Haitian Armed Forces and the paramilitary Front for the Advancement and Progress of Haiti (FRAPH) enter the costal slum of Raboteau on the outskirts of the city of Gonaives. They break into “dozens of homes, beating and arresting those they found inside,” the BBC recounts several years later. Several of the victims are “tortured on site” and “forced to lie in open sewers” while others are shot as they try to escape. [The Jamaica Observer, 3/7/2004; BBC, 10/4/2004; The Center for Justice and Accountability, n.d.] Between two dozen and one hundred deaths are attributed to the Raboteau Massacre. The number will remain undetermined, however, because the attackers kill many who are fleeing in boats and whose bodies fall into the sea. Additionally, the killers toss several bodies of people killed on the land also into the ocean. Days later, mutilated bodies wash back to shore. [The Center for Justice and Accountability, n.d.; St. Petersburg Times, 9/1/2002 Sources: Amnesty International Letter to US Secretary of State Colin Powell] Among those who will be convicted for the atrocity are Louis-Jodel Chamblain and Jean Pierre Baptiste. [Human Rights Watch, 2/27/04; The Jamaica Observer, 3/7/2004; BBC, 10/4/2004; The Center for Justice and Accountability, n.d. Sources: Amnesty International Letter to US Secretary of State Colin Powell]
People and organizations involved: Louis-Jodel Chamblain, Jean Pierre Baptiste, “Jean Tatoune”

(September 1994)      Haiti Coup

       Louis-Jodel Chamblain escapes to the Dominican Republic in 1994 when the US military intervenes in Haiti to return Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power. [Human Rights Watch, 2/27/04]
People and organizations involved: Louis-Jodel Chamblain

(December 1994)      Haiti Coup

       Haitian authorities put warrants out for the arrest of FRAPH leaders Emmanuel “Toto” Constant and his deputy, Louis Jodel Chamblain who are wanted for their involvement in human rights violations that occurred during the previous three-year period of military rule. Emmanuel Constant flees to the United States. [Amnesty International, 2/7/1996]
People and organizations involved: Emmanuel “Toto” Constant, Louis-Jodel Chamblain

(2001-2004)      Haiti, Haiti Coup

       The United States Government funds and trains a 600-member paramilitary army of anti-Aristide Haitians in the Dominican Republic with the authorization of the country's president, Hipolito Mejia. The funds—totaling $1.2 milllion—are directed through the International Republican Institute (IRI) on the pretext of encouraging democracy in Haiti. In order to evade attention, the paramilitary soldiers appear at their training sessions dressed in the uniforms of the Dominican Republic national police. The training—provided by some 200 members of the US Special Forces—takes place in the Dominican villages of Neiba, San Cristobal, San Isidro, Hatillo and Haina, and others. Most of the training takes place on property owned by the Dominican Republic Government. Technical training, conducted once a month, takes place in a Santo Domingo hotel through the IRI. Among the Hatians that take part in the program are known human rights violators including Guy Philippe and Louis-Jodel Chamblain. [Democracy Now!, 4/7/2004; Radio Mundo, 4/2/2004; Xinhuanet, 3/29/2004; Newsday, 3/16/2004]
People and organizations involved: Louis-Jodel Chamblain, Guy Philippe, International Republican Institute (IRI)

February 4, 2004      Haiti, Haiti Coup

       Rebels take over cities in northern Haiti and move towards Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince, overrunning Aristide's local police forces and vowing to overthrow President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. [New York Times, 2/29/2004] The rebels include various factions. The leading groups are led by Louis-Jodel Chamblain, a convicted murderer and former death squad leader under “Baby Doc” Duvalier, and Guy Philippe, also a known human rights violator (see October 31, 1991-October 15, 1994) (see 1997-1999). [Amnesty International, 3/3/2004; Associated Press, 3/3/2004; Counter Punch, 3/1/2004]
People and organizations involved: Louis-Jodel Chamblain, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, Roger Francisco Noriega, Jean-Claude Duvalier

April 1, 2004      Haiti Coup

       Haiti's new justice minister, Bernard Gousse, announces that Haiti will seek the extradition of former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide for alleged corruption and human rights abuses. Gousse also suggests that convicted murderer and known human rights violator, Louis-Jodel Chamblain, could be pardoned. Chamblain was convicted in 2000 in absentia and sentenced to life imprisonment for his involvement in the Raboteau Massacre (see April 18-22, 1994). “We have to take into consideration that [Chamblain] helped get rid of two dictators in Haiti—[Jean-Claude] Duvalier and Aristide,” Gousse claims. [Miami Herald, 4/2/2004; CNN, 4/8/2004; Human Rights Watch, 4/5/2004] Human Rights Watch quickly condemns the suggestion. “The contrast between the Haitian government's eagerness to prosecute former Aristide officials and its indifference to the abusive record of certain rebel leaders could not be more stark,” says Joanne Mariner, deputy director of Americas Division for Human Rights Watch. [CNN, 4/8/2004; Human Rights Watch, 4/5/2004]
People and organizations involved: Bernard Gousse, Joanne Mariner, Louis-Jodel Chamblain

April 24, 2004      Haiti Coup

       Convicted murderer and rebel leader Louis-Jodel Chamblain (see September 11, 1993) (see April 18-22, 1994) surrenders to Haitian authorities. Chamberlain—in tears—says before his surrender, “The Haitian people will see if justice is for real, if we are on a new route for Haitian justice.” Since he had been convicted in abstentia, he will be retried for his crimes as allowed under the Haitian constitution. [Miami Herald, 4/24/2004]
People and organizations involved: Louis-Jodel Chamblain  Additional Info 

'Passive' participant in the following events:

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