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Profile: Geoffrey Miller


Positions that Geoffrey Miller has held:




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Geoffrey Miller actively participated in the following events:


May 25, 2003      Torture in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere

       The Mail on Sunday reports that according to Major-General Geoffrey Miller, the US is considering plans to build an execution chamber at Camp Delta in Guantanamo Bay where suspected terrorists, convicted by a secret military tribunal for capital crimes, would be put to death. “Prisoners would be tried, convicted and executed without leaving its boundaries, without a jury and without right of appeal.” [The Mail on Sunday, 5/25/2003 cited in Courrier Mail, 5/26/2003] Britain claims that it is unaware of the US plans. [Courrier Mail, 5/26/2003]
People and organizations involved: Geoffrey Miller  Additional Info 

August 18, 2003      Torture in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere

       Donald Rumsfeld directs his undersecretary of defense for intelligence, Stephen Cambone, to send Major General Geoffrey Miller to Iraq to review the US military prison system in Iraq and make suggestions on how the prisons can be used to obtain “actionable intelligence” from detainees. Cambone passes the order on to his deputy Lieutenant-General William Boykin who meets with Miller to plan the trip. [Newsweek, 5/24/2004; The Washington Post, 5/21/2004]
People and organizations involved: Donald Rumsfeld, William Boykin, Stephen Cambone, Geoffrey Miller

August 31, 2003-September 9, 2003      Torture in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere

       Major General Geoffrey Miller, who oversees the prison at Guantanamo, is sent to Iraq with a team “experienced in strategic interrogation” “to review current Iraqi theater ability to rapidly exploit internees for actionable intelligence” and to review the arrangements at the US military prisons in Iraq. [The New Yorker, 5/17/2004; Washington Post, 5/8/2004; Washington Post, 5/9/2004] During his trip, he informs military commanders of Defense's plan to glean intelligence from the prisoners and briefs them on the Pentagon's current interrogation policies (see April 16, 2003). [The New Yorker, 5/17/2004] “He came up there and told me he was going to ‘Gitmoize’ the detention operation,” turning it into a hub of interrogation, Brig. Gen. Janis L. Karpinski, later recalls. [The Washington Post, 5/8/2004] The Pentagon's decision to dispatch Miller on this mission had been influenced by the military's growing concern that the failure of Coalition Forces to quell resistance against the occupation was linked to a dearth in “actionable intelligence” (see (August 2003)). [The New Yorker, 5/24/2004] Shortly after the visit, there is a noticeable increase in the frequency of interrogations at Abu Ghraib. “The operation was snowballing,” Samuel Provance, a US military intelligence officer will recall. “There were more and more interrogations. The chain of command was putting a lot of resources into the facility.” And Karpinski will later say that she was being shut out of the process at about this time. “They continued to move me farther and farther away from it.” [The Washington Post, 5/20/2004]
People and organizations involved: Samuel Provance, Janis Karpinski, Geoffrey Miller

September 9, 2003      Torture in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere

       Major General Geoffrey Miller files a classified report at the end of his 10-day visit (see August 31, 2003-September 9, 2003) to Iraq, demanding that Iraq's detention camps be used to collect “actionable intelligence” and that the military police at Abu Ghraib be trained to set “the conditions for the successful interrogation and exploitation of internees/detainees.” “Detention operations must act as an enabler for interrogation ... to provide a safe, secure and humane environment that supports the expeditious collection of intelligence,” he writes. [The New Yorker, 5/24/2004; The New Yorker, 5/17/2004; Washington Post, 5/15/2004] He leaves a list of acceptable interrogation techniques—based on what has been used in Guatanamo—posted on a wall in Abu Ghraib which says that long-term isolation, “working dogs,” sleep disruption, “environmental manipulation” and “stress positions” can be used to facilitate interrogations, but only with the approval of Lieutenant-General Ricardo Sanchez on a case-by-case basis. [The Washington Post, 5/21/2004] He also suggests that the military close Camp Cropper in southern Iraq. Miller's recommendations are included in a memo that is sent for review to Lieutenant-General William Boykin, the deputy undersecretary of defense for intelligence (see May 1, 2003). [Washington Post, 5/16/2004; The New Yorker, 5/24/2004]
People and organizations involved: William Boykin, Geoffrey Miller, Ricardo S. Sanchez

May 4, 2004      Torture in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere

       Major General Geoffrey Miller says during a Coalition Provisional Authority Briefing that while physical contact between the interrogator and detainees is prohibited, “sleep deprivation and stress positions and all that could be used—but they must be authorized.” (see April 16, 2003) But as Amnesty International later notes in a letter to George Bush, “The United Nations Committee against Torture, the expert body established by the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment has expressly held that restraining detainees in very painful positions, hooding, threats, and prolonged sleep deprivation are methods of interrogation which violate the prohibition on torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.” [Amnesty International, 5/7/2004]
People and organizations involved: George W. Bush, Amnesty International, Geoffrey Miller

'Passive' participant in the following events:

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