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Profile: National Research Council (NRC)

 
  

Positions that National Research Council (NRC) has held:



 

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National Research Council (NRC) actively participated in the following events:

 
  

June 2001      Bush's environmental record

       The National Research Council issues a report on global climate change that was commissioned by the White House. The opening paragraph of the document reads: “Greenhouse gases are accumulating in Earth's atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise. Temperatures are, in fact, rising. The changes observed over the last several decades are likely mostly due to human activities, but we cannot rule out that some significant part of these changes is also a reflection of natural variability. Human-induced warming and associated sea level rises are expected to continue through the 21st century. Secondary effects are suggested by computer model simulations and basic physical reasoning. These include increases in rainfall rates and increased susceptibility of semi-arid regions to drought. The impacts of these changes will be critically dependent on the magnitude of the warming and the rate with which it occurs.” [Boston Globe, 6/20/2003; CBS News, 6/19/2003 Sources: Climate Change Science: An analysis of some key questions]
People and organizations involved: Bush administration, National Research Council (NRC)
          

November 2002      US Military

       The US National Research Council issues a report that notes: “Chemical non-lethal weapons programs that deliver chemical contaminants to a crowd—other than riot control agents—would likely fail in meeting the Hague requirement for ‘distinction’ as the delivery method is not isolated and/or cannot be controlled well enough to prevent the chemical contaminants from affecting people who are not related to the intended military target. It is unlikely that calmatives in their current form will be lawful under international law, when used in warfighting situations.” [Asia Times, 4/1/2003 Sources: An Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology, 2003]
People and organizations involved: National Research Council (NRC)
          

January 2003      US Military

       According to analysis by the Federation of American Scientists (FAS), “non-lethal” gases can be lethal. Summarizing a report by the organization, David Isenberg of the Asia Times explains, “[W]hen an incapacitating agent that is exceptionally safe by pharmacological standards (therapeutic index (TI) =1000) is delivered under ideal conditions to a uniformly healthy population, 9 percent of victims would die if the goal were to incapacitate almost everyone (99 percent) in a particular place (often an enclosed space), as in hostage rescue or urban military operations.” [Cited in Asia Times, 4/1/2003 Sources: An Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology, 2003]
People and organizations involved: National Research Council (NRC)
          

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