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Profile: Hosni Mubarak

 
  

Positions that Hosni Mubarak has held:

  • Egyptian President


 

Quotes

 
  

No quotes or excerpts for this entity.


 

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Hosni Mubarak actively participated in the following events:

 
  

1986      US-Iraq 1980s

       US President Ronald Reagan sends a secret message to Saddam Hussein recommending that he order his military to intensify its air attacks against Iran. The message is delivered by Vice President Bush who conveys the message to Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, who in turn passes it on to Saddam Hussein. The talking points for Bush's meeting with Mubarak are authored by national security aide Howard Teicher. [NBC News 8/18/02 Sources: Teicher Affidavit]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan, Howard Teicher, Hosni Mubarak, Saddam Hussein, George Herbert Walker Bush
          

June 1995: US Considers Bombing bin Laden for Sponsoring Assassination Attempt      Complete 911 Timeline

      
Hassan al-Turabi.
There is a failed assassination attempt on Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak as he visits Ethiopia. The CIA concludes bin Laden authorized the operation, and they plan a retaliation attack. [9/11 Congressional Inquiry, 7/24/03 (B)] Evidence suggests that the government of Sudan and Hassan al-Turabi, Sudan's leader, know where bin Laden is living and helped support the plot. The United Nations Security Council places sanctions on Sudan as a result. The US examines options for attacking bin Laden and/or al-Turabi's facilities in the Sudanese capital. The options developed by the US military are rejected for being unstealthy and a de facto war on Sudan. In the ensuing months, there are reports of Egyptian covert operations against bin Laden and an Egyptian military build-up on the Sudanese border. These factors influence bin Laden's decision to move to Afghanistan in 1996 (see May 18, 1996). [Clarke, 2004, pp 140-41]
People and organizations involved: Sudan, Osama bin Laden, Central Intelligence Agency, Hosni Mubarak, United Nations Security Council, Hassan al-Turabi
          

June 13, 2001: Bin Laden Wants to Assassinate Bush with an Explosives-Filled Airplane      Complete 911 Timeline

       Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak later claims that Egyptian intelligence discovers a “communiqué from bin Laden saying he wanted to assassinate President Bush and other G8 heads of state during their summit in Genoa, Italy” on this day. The communiqué specifically mentions this would be done via “an airplane stuffed with explosives.” The US and Italy are sent urgent warnings of this. [New York Times, 9/26/01] Mubarak claims that Egyptian intelligence officials informed American intelligence officers between March and May 2001 that an Egyptian agent had penetrated al-Qaeda. Presumably, this explains how Egypt is able to give the US these warnings. [New York Times, 6/4/02]
People and organizations involved: George W. Bush, Hosni Mubarak, Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda
          

August 30-September 4, 2001: Egypt Warns al-Qaeda Is in Advanced Stages of Planning Significant Attack on US      Complete 911 Timeline

       According to Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian intelligence warns American officials that bin Laden's network is in the advanced stages of executing a significant operation against an American target, probably within the US. [Associated Press, 12/7/01; New York Times, 6/4/02] He says he learned this information from an agent working inside al-Qaeda. US officials deny receiving any such warning from Egypt. [ABC News, 6/4/02]
People and organizations involved: al-Qaeda, Hosni Mubarak
          

January 16, 2002      Events Leading to Iraq Invasion

       CIA Director George Tenet informs Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak during a meeting in Sharm el Sheikh that the Bush administration has already decided to attack Iraq and asks Mubarak not to publicly express Egypt's opposition to the planned invasion. The Egyptian president warns that such an attack could destabilize the entire Middle East. [Ha'aretz, 2/17/02 Sources: Unnamed source interviewed by the Lebanese newspaper Al-Mustaqbal]
People and organizations involved: Hosni Mubarak, Letter from CIA Director George Tenet to Bob Graham
          

September 2003      Torture in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere

       The Lawyers' Committee for Human Rights (later known as Human Rights First) notices a “continuing erosion of basic human rights protections under US law and policy” since the 9/11 attacks. The organization states that “governments long criticized for human rights abuses have publicly applauded US policies, which they now see as an endorsement of their own longstanding practices.” As an example, Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak is cited, who declared shortly after 9/11, that new US policies prove “that we were right from the beginning in using all means, including military tribunals, to combat terrorism. ... There is no doubt that the events of September 11 created a new concept of democracy that differs from the concept that Western states defended before these events, especially in regard to the freedom of the individual.” [Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, September 2003]
People and organizations involved: Hosni Mubarak, Human Rights First
          

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