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Profile: John F. Kennedy


Positions that John F. Kennedy has held:

  • President of the United States (1961-1963)




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John F. Kennedy actively participated in the following events:


October 25, 1961      US-Britain-Guyana (1953-1992)

       Guyana President Cheddi Jagan pays a visit to the White House, seeking financial aid and offering assurances that Guyana will not host a Soviet base. President Kennedy tells Jagan that the US is not concerned with his left-leaning politics. Kennedy says: “National independence. This is the basic thing. As long as you do that, we don't care whether you are socialist, capitalist, pragmatist or whatever. We regard ourselves as pragmatists.” Also in attendance at the meeting are the president's special assistant Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., and George Ball, the Assistant Secretary for Economic Affairs at the State Department. [Ishmael, n.d.; New York Times, 10/30/1994 Sources: Cheddi Jagan] Following Jagan's departure, US President John F. Kennedy will meet in secret with his top national security officers and issue a direct order to remove Dr. Jagan from power. [New York Times, 10/30/1994; CJ Research Center, 1999 Sources: Unnamed US Government officials familiar with the secret papers.] Sources will note that “Though many Presidents have ordered the CIA to undermine foreign leaders, they say, the Jagan papers are a rare smoking gun: a clear written record, without veiled words or plausible denials, of a President's command to depose a Prime Minister.” [New York Times, 10/30/1994]
People and organizations involved: Cheddi Jagan, Arthur M. Schlesinger, George Ball, John F. Kennedy

1963      US-Guatemala (1901-2002)

       Concerned about an upcoming election in which former president Juan Jos� Arevalo would be allowed to run and thus possibly be elected, US President John F. Kennedy supports another military coup. This ends any hopes for a democratic Guatemala. [Rabe, 1999]
People and organizations involved: John F. Kennedy, Juan Jos← Arevalo

10:00 a.m. June 30, 1963      US-Britain-Guyana (1953-1992)

       US and British officials meet and discuss the Guyana government of the left-leaning Cheddi Jagan. A memorandum of the meeting states: “The President [Kennedy] said he agreed with the analysis of all the difficulties, but that these still paled in comparison with the prospect of the establishment of a Communist regime in Latin America. Mr. Sandys said he thought the best solution was that of a Burnham-D'Aguiar government to which the UK would grant independence.” [Sources: Paper Prepared in the Department of State]
People and organizations involved: Harold Macmillan, David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce, David Ormsby Gore, McGeorge Bundy, Quintin McGarel Hogg, Lord Hailsham, Harold Anthony Cacciae, William R Tyler, David Dean Rusk, Duncan Sandys, Peter Thorneycroft, Lord Hood, Philip de Zulueta, John F. Kennedy, Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home

October 23, 1963      US-Britain-Guyana (1953-1992)

       The British, at the behest of the Kennedy administration, postpones Guyana's independence and modifies the country's electoral system so that the Guyanese would have to vote for parties instead of individual candidates. [Workers World, 4/3/1997; New York Times, 10/30/1994; CJ Research Center, 1999]
People and organizations involved: John F. Kennedy

November 1963      US-Vietnam (1947-2001)

       The policies of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem create concern in Washington when Diem's government intensifies its repression of the Buddhists and clamps down on the press. Also worrisome to his US backers are rumors that he is considering unification with the North. [National Security Archives, 11/5/2003; Herring 1986; Ahmed, 9/24/2001] When the Kennedy administration learns that a group of South Vietnamese generals are planning a [second] coup attempt, the decision is made to provide them with support. [National Security Archives, 11/5/2003 Sources: Memorandum of Conference with the President, November 1, 1963, 10:00 AM, Memorandum of Conference with the President, October 29, 1963, 4:20 PM, Department of State, "Check-List of Possible U.S. Actions in Case of Coup," October 25, 1963, Memorandum of Conversation, "Vietnam," August 28, 1963, Noon] “President Kennedy and his advisers, both individually and collectively, had a considerable role in the coup overall, by giving initial support to Saigon military officers uncertain what the US response might be, by withdrawing US aid from Diem himself, and by publicly pressuring the Saigon government in a way that made clear to South Vietnamese that Diem was isolated from his American ally. In addition, at several of his meetings Kennedy had CIA briefings and led discussions based on the estimated balance between pro- and anti-coup forces in Saigon that leave no doubt the United States had a detailed interest in the outcome of a coup against Ngo Dinh Diem. The CIA also provided $42,000 in immediate support money to the plotters the morning of the coup, carried by Lucien Conein, an act prefigured in administration planning.” [National Security Archives, 11/5/2003]
People and organizations involved: Ngo Dinh Diem, John F. Kennedy

9:13 a.m.: Port Authority Asks New York Airports About Hijacked Planes, Airports Know Little      Complete 911 Timeline

       A Port Authority police officer calls a flight controller at La Guardia Airport in New York City. The officer asks, “They are inquiring whether or not you can call Kennedy's tower, because they can't get through, and inquire whether or not they had any contact with these aircrafts.” The flight controller responds, “At this time, we do not think that anyone in the FAA had any contact with them.” [New York Times, 12/30/03] “Kennedy” is a reference to John F. Kennedy Airport, another major airport in New York City. Port Authority police, who patrol both the WTC and the airports, seek information from the controllers about the hijackers. However, the controllers are unable to offer any news. [New York Times, 12/30/03]
People and organizations involved: John F. Kennedy, Federal Aviation Administration, New York Port Authority, La Guardia Airport

July 22, 2004: 9/11 Commission's Final Report is Released; Conclusions are ‘Gentle’ on Bush Administration      Complete 911 Timeline

The 9/11 Commission's final report.
The 9/11 Commission completes its work and releases its final report. They blame incompetence for the reason why the US government did not prevent the attack. The Washington Post summarizes the report, “The US government was utterly unprepared on Sept. 11, 2001, to protect the American people from al-Qaeda terrorists.” [Washington Post, 7/23/04 (F)] The report itself states, “We believe the 9/11 attacks revealed four kinds of failures: in imagination, policy, capabilities, and management.” [9/11 Commission Final Report, 7/22/04] The Washington Post reports, “Though openly dreaded for months by many Republicans and quietly feared by the White House, the report was much gentler on the Bush administration than they feared. Rather than focus criticism on the Bush administration, the commission spread the blame broadly and evenly across two administrations, the FBI, and Congress.” [Washington Post, 7/23/04 (C)] More to the point, as former counterterrorism “tsar” Richard Clarke notes in a New York Times editorial, “Honorable Commission, Toothless Report,” because the commission wanted a unanimous report from a bipartisan group, “it softened the edges and left it to the public to draw many conclusions.” [New York Times, 7/25/04 (B)] The Washington Post comments, “In many respects, the panel's work has been closer to the fact-finding, conspiracy-debunking Warren Commission of the mid-1960s, which investigated the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, than to the reform-oriented Church Commission, which exposed assassination plots and CIA abuses during the mid-1970s.” [Washington Post, 7/18/04 (B)]
People and organizations involved: John F. Kennedy, 9/11 Commission, US Congress, Federal Bureau of Investigation, al-Qaeda, Bush administration, Richard A. Clarke, Warren Commission, Church Commission

'Passive' participant in the following events:

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