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Profile: Ronald Reagan


Positions that Ronald Reagan has held:

  • President of the United States, 1981-1989




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Ronald Reagan actively participated in the following events:


1982      US-Iraq 1980s

       President Reagan orders the Defense Department and the CIA to supply Iraq's military with intelligence information, advice, and hardware for battle after being advised to do so by CIA Director William Casey. Former Reagan National Security official Howard Teicher will later reveal that Casey “personally spearheaded the effort to insure that Iraq had sufficient military weapons, ammunition and vehicles to avoid losing the Iran-Iraq war.” The US will continue to provide this type of intelligence to Iraq until 1988. [NBC News 8/18/02; New York Times 8/18/2002; Knight Ridder 2/24/1995 Sources: Teicher Affidavit]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan, William Casey

June 1982      US-Iraq 1980s

       President Reagan issues a national security directive which formalizes US policy toward the Iraq-Iran war, committing the US to continued support for Iraq to avoid an Iranian victory. The document is authored by National Security aides Howard Teicher and Geoff Kemp. [NBC News, 8/18/02; The Times, 12/31/02 Sources: Teicher Affidavit]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan, Geoff Kemp, Howard Teicher

1983      US-Iraq 1980s

       Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Egypt supply Iraq with US howitzers, helicopters, bombs and other weapons with the secret approval of the Reagan administration. [Phythian, 1997, pg. 35] Italy also funnels arms to Iraq at the insistence of President Reagan who personally made the request to Prime Minister Guilio Andreotti. [Friedman 1983, 51-54; Phythian 1997, pg. 36]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan, Guilio Andreotti

November 26, 1983      US-Iraq 1980s

       US President Ronald Reagan issues National Security Directive 114 on the United States' policy toward the Iran-Iraq war. The document—which makes no mention of Iraq's use of chemical weapons—calls for increased regional military cooperation to protect oil facilities and for improving US military capabilities in the region. The directive states, “Because of the real and psychological impact of a curtailment in the flow of oil from the Persian Gulf on the international economic system, we must assure our readiness to deal promptly with actions aimed at disrupting that traffic.” [Sources: US National Security Directive 114]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan

December 19, 1983      US-Iraq 1980s

       President Reagan dispatches US envoy to the Middle East, Donald Rumsfeld, to convey the administration's intention to “resume [US] diplomatic relations with Iraq.” [American Gulf War Veterans Association, 9/10/2001; Seattle Post Intelligencer, 9/24/2002]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan, Donald Rumsfeld

1984      US-Nicaragua (1979-1997)

       US President Ronald Reagan publicly claims to end aid to the Contras in accordance with a congressional ban. However his administration continues the support, leading to the Iran-Contra scandal. [Rosset and Vendermeer, 1986; CNN, 2001; Keen, 1992; The Guardian, 7/26/2000]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan

April 5, 1984      US-Iraq 1980s

       US President Ronald Reagan issues presidential directive NSDD 139, titled, “Measures to improve US posture and readiness to respond to developments in the Iran-Iraq War.” The directive stresses the importance of ensuring US access to military facilities in the Gulf region and preventing “an Iraqi collapse.” Though the directive says that the US should maintain its policy of “unambiguous” condemnation of chemical warfare—without mentioning Iraq—the document also emphasizes that the US should “place equal stress on the urgent need to dissuade Iran from continuing the ruthless and inhumane tactics which have characterized recent offensives.” The directive does not suggest ending or reducing US support for Iraq. [National Security Archive, 2/25/2003 Sources: US Department of State Memo from James Placke, March 30, 1984]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan

1986      US-Iraq 1980s

       US President Ronald Reagan sends a secret message to Saddam Hussein recommending that he order his military to intensify its air attacks against Iran. The message is delivered by Vice President Bush who conveys the message to Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, who in turn passes it on to Saddam Hussein. The talking points for Bush's meeting with Mubarak are authored by national security aide Howard Teicher. [NBC News 8/18/02 Sources: Teicher Affidavit]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan, Howard Teicher, Hosni Mubarak, Saddam Hussein, George Herbert Walker Bush

November 13, 1986      US-Iraq 1980s

       US President Ronald Reagan says in a speech with regard to the Iran-Iraq war: “The slaughter on both sides has been enormous, and the adverse economic and political consequences for that vital region of the world have been growing. We sought to establish communications with both sides in that senseless struggle, so that we could assist in bringing about a cease-fire and, eventually, a settlement. We have sought to be evenhanded by working with both sides ... We have consistently condemned the violence on both sides.” [Washington Post,12/15/1986]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan

1988      US-Nicaragua (1979-1997)

       US President Ronald Reagan announces that he will no longer seek military aid for the Contras. [Tiscali Encyclopedia, n.d.]
People and organizations involved: Ronald Reagan

January 20, 1989: George H. W. Bush Is Inaugurated US President      Complete 911 Timeline

President George Herbert Walker Bush.
George H. W. Bush replaces Ronald Reagan and remains president until January 1993. Many of the key members in his government will have important positions again when his son George W. Bush becomes president in 2001. For instance, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Colin Powell later becomes Secretary of State, and Defense Secretary Dick Cheney later becomes vice president.
People and organizations involved: George Herbert Walker Bush, Ronald Reagan

'Passive' participant in the following events:

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