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Profile: International Atomic Energy Agency

 
  

Positions that International Atomic Energy Agency has held:



 

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International Atomic Energy Agency actively participated in the following events:

 
  

October 6, 1997      Events Leading to Iraq Invasion

       Hans Blix, director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, writes in a letter to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan that there is no evidence that Iraq has an active nuclear weapons program. Blix says that the agency now has a “technically coherent picture of Iraq's clandestine nuclear program,” despite some missing evidence and gaps in knowledge. He states with certainty the following: [Sources: IAEA Letter UN, 10/6/1997]
“There are no indications to suggest that Iraq was successful in its attempt to produce nuclear weapons. Iraq's explanation of its progress towards the finalization of a workable design for its nuclear weapons is considered to be consistent with the resources and time scale indicated by the available program documentation. However, no documentation or other evidence is available to show the actual status of the weapon design when the program was interrupted.” [Sources: IAEA Letter UN, 10/6/1997]
“Iraq was at, or close to, the threshold of success in such areas as the production of HEU [high-enriched uranium] through the EMIS [electromagnetic isotope separation] process, the production and pilot cascading of single-cylinder sub-critical gas centrifuge machines, and the fabrication of the explosive package for a nuclear weapon.” [Sources: IAEA Letter UN, 10/6/1997]
“There are no indications to suggest that Iraq had produced more that a few grams of weapon-usable nuclear material (HEU or separated plutonium) through its indigenous processes, all of which has been removed from Iraq.” [Sources: IAEA Letter UN, 10/6/1997]
“There are no indications that Iraq otherwise acquired weapon-usable nuclear material.” [Sources: IAEA Letter UN, 10/6/1997]
“All of the safeguarded research reactor fuel, including the HEU fuel that Iraq had planned to divert to its ‘crash program,’ was verified and fully accounted for by the IAEA and removed from Iraq.” [Sources: IAEA Letter UN, 10/6/1997]
“There are no indications that there remains in Iraq any physical capability for the production of amounts of weapon-usable nuclear material of any practical significance.” [Sources: IAEA Letter UN, 10/6/1997]
People and organizations involved: International Atomic Energy Agency, Iraq, Kofi Annan, Hans Blix
          

December 16, 1998      Events Leading to Iraq Invasion

       UNSCOM executive chairman Richard Butler orders the withdrawal of weapons inspectors from Iraq accusing the Iraqis of not cooperating. His actions follow a phone conversation with Peter Burleigh, the American representative to the United Nations [New York Times, 12/18/1998] , basically warning Butler that the US intends to strike Iraq. In his book, Saddam Defiant, Butler will recall: “I received a telephone call from US Ambassador Peter Burleigh inviting me for a private conversation at the US mission... Burleigh informed me that on instructions from Washington it would be ‘prudent to take measures to ensure the safety and security of UNSCOM staff presently in Iraq.’... I told him that I would act on this advice and remove my staff from Iraq.” Butler's order to withdraw is made without the permission of the UN Security Council. [Butler, 2000, pp 224; Znet, 7/6/2004] Years later, the American press and government will say that on this day Saddam Hussein “kicked out” inspectors. [Extra!, 10/2002]
People and organizations involved: Peter Burleigh, International Atomic Energy Agency, Richard Butler, United Nations Special Commission
          

February 3, 2004      US confrontation with Iran

       During a visit to Russia, US Undersecretary of State for Arms Control John Bolton tells the Russian daily Kyodo News that Iran is pursuing a secret nuclear weapons development program unbeknownst to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). [Antiatom News, 2/3/2004]
People and organizations involved: International Atomic Energy Agency, John R. Bolton
          

February 12, 2004      US confrontation with Iran

       International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors say they have found designs for an advanced “P-2” centrifuge used to enrich uranium. The designs, which Iran should have declared to the IAEA, match drawings of enrichment equipment that were found in Libya and supplied by Pakistani nuclear scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan. [Associated Press, 2/12/2004]
People and organizations involved: International Atomic Energy Agency, Abdul Qadeer Khan
          

September 2, 2004      US confrontation with Iran

       The International Atomic Energy Agency announces that weapons inspectors have found no evidence to support accusations that Iran is secretly developing a nuclear weapon. [CNN, 9/2/2004]
People and organizations involved: International Atomic Energy Agency
          

November 2004      US confrontation with Iran

       The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) begins investigating a 1987 meeting (See also 1987) where two associates of Abdul Qadeer Khan presented Iranian officials with an offer to sell Iran nuclear technology and materials . [Washington Post, 2/27/2005]
People and organizations involved: International Atomic Energy Agency, Abdul Qadeer Khan
          

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