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Profile: Humberto Castelo Branco

 
  

Positions that Humberto Castelo Branco has held:

  • President of Brazil


 

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Humberto Castelo Branco actively participated in the following events:

 
  

1964-1985      Brazil

       The US House Committee on Foreign affairs will report in 1974: “[General Castelo Branco] shuts down Congress, virtually extinguishes political opposition, suspends habeas corpus for ‘political crimes,’ forbids by law criticism of the dictator, takes over labor unions, institutes police and military firing into protesting crowds, burns down peasant homes, [and] brutalizes priests, ....” [US House Committee on Foreign affairs, 12/11/74 cited in Lormand, n.d.] amnesty International also reports on the regime in Brazil: “Tortures range from simple but brutal blows from a truncheon to electric shocks. Often the torture is more refined: the end of a reed is placed in the anus of a naked man hanging suspended downwards on the pau de arara [parrot's perch] and a piece of cotton soaked in petrol is lit at the other end of the reed. Pregnant women have been forced to watch their husbands being tortured. Other wives have been hung naked beside their husbands and given electric shocks on the sexual parts of their body, while subjected to the worst kind of obscenities. Children have been tortured before their parents and vice versa. at least one child, the three month old baby of Virgilio Gomes da Silva was reported to have died under police torture. The length of sessions depends upon the resistance capacity of the victims and have sometimes continued for days at a time.” [Blum, 2000] “The official Washington line was ... yes, it's unfortunate that democracy has been overthrown in Brazil ... but, still, the country has been saved from communism.” [The Guardian, 7/19/2000]
People and organizations involved: Humberto Castelo Branco
          

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