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Profile: Frank Koza


Positions that Frank Koza has held:

  • Chief of staff in the “Regional Targets” division of the National Security Agency




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Frank Koza actively participated in the following events:


January 31, 2003      Complete Iraq timeline

       Frank Koza, chief of staff in the “Regional Targets” division of the US National Security Agency (NSA), which “spies on countries that are viewed as strategically important for United States interests,” emails a memo to senior NSA officials and the intelligence officials of certain unspecified foreign governments. The memo calls for the surveillance of the New York City homes and offices of UN delegates from countries such as Angola, Cameroon, Chile, Bulgaria, Guinea and Pakistan. According to The Observer, the memo suggests that the surveillance operation should include the “interception of ... [their] home and office telephones and the emails....” The memo discusses the need to learn how the member states would vote on future resolutions submitted to the UN Security Council by the US and Britain. It refers to the importance of learning and understanding the “policies,” “negotiating positions,” “alliances” and “dependencies” —the “whole gamut of information that could give US policymakers an edge in obtaining results favorable to US goals or to head off surprises.” Intelligence resulting from the surveillance would be used for the United States' “QRC,” or Quick Response Capability, “against” the key delegations. In an interview with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, London Observer reporter Martin Bright, who helps expose the operation, will say that he believes the US motive for extending surveillance to the homes of UN delegates might have been to obtain incriminating personal information— “information which could be used against those delegates.” The spy operation is requested by US National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice. Other Bush administration officials, however, reportedly oppose the operation because of fears that its discovery could result in serious consequences. According to Professor John Quigley of Ohio University, “While the bugging of foreign diplomats at the UN is permissible under the US Foreign Intelligence Services Act, it is a breach of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.” US intelligence experts interviewed by The Observer say that an operation like this would have been known to Donald Rumsfeld, CIA director George Tenet and NSA Chief General Michael Hayden. [The Observer, 3/2/03; Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 3/6/03; The Observer, 3/9/03 Sources: January 31, 2003 NSA Memo]
People and organizations involved: Michael Hayden, Frank Koza, Condoleezza Rice, Donald Rumsfeld, George Tenet  Additional Info 

February 2003      Complete Iraq timeline

       The January 31 National Security Agency (NSA) memo, written by a “Frank Koza,” calling for the surveillance of UN diplomats (see January 31, 2003) is leaked to The Observer by 29-year-old Katherine Gun, a British intelligence employee working for the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) as a translator. She will later be arrested on March 8 and charged with violating Britain's Official Secrets Act, though her case will eventually be dismissed. Two of the newspaper's reporters confirm Frank Koza's identity with a call to the NSA. The Observer later explains: “The NSA main switchboard put The Observer through to extension 6727 at the agency which was answered by an assistant, who confirmed it was Koza's office. However, when The Observer asked to talk to Koza about the surveillance of diplomatic missions at the United Nations, it was then told ‘You have reached the wrong number.’ On protesting that the assistant had just said this was Koza's extension, the assistant repeated that it was an erroneous extension, and hung up.” The Observer also shows the memo to three former intelligence operatives who deem the language and content of the memo authentic. Additionally, Matthew M. Aid, a historian whose area of expertise is intelligence and who is writing a book on the NSA, will later tell the Baltimore Sun that he recognizes the name “Koza” as that of a “senior operational manager” at the NSA. [Observer, 3/2/03; The Observer, 3/9/03; Baltimore Sun, 3/4/03; Guardian, 1/27/04]
People and organizations involved: Katherine Gun, Frank Koza

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